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April 2012
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Hainan Yellow Lantern Chili also known as Yellow Emperor Chili is a member of Capsicum Chinese.

Image of Hainan Yellow Lantern Chili plant at Google

The Hainan Yellow Lantern Chili which is also known as the Yellow Emperor Chili is a member of the Capsicum chinense species of chili peppers.

• This varieity of pepper grows only in the southwest and southeast of Hainan Island off the coast of Southern China.
• This hot chili matures to a bright yellow color.
• It is approximately 5 centimetres (2.0 in) long and 3.12 centimetres (1.23 in).
• Most Hainan Yellow Lantern Chilli is processed into hot sauce.
• In 2009, the Tropical Vegetable Research Centre of the Chinese Tropical Agriculture announced the breeding of a new cultivar of Hainan Yellow Lantern Chili which produces ten times more than the original variety.

Growing/Caring conditions for Hainan Yellow Lantern Chili Pepper

• Sow seedlings indoors.
• It prefers well-drained soils, such as silty or sandy loams, and 800–2,000 mm (31–79 in) of annual precipitation.
• Sow them late spring to early summer.
• A soil pH of 7.0 – 8.5 is good for this plant.
• The plant requires full sun.
• Zones 10-12.
• This plant needs temperatures to be at least 64 degrees F to germinate.
• Sow those eight to ten weeks before the last frost date for your area.
• They are a difficult in germination and seedlings grow slowly at first.
• Provide bottom heat or heat lamps to raise the soil temperature to 80 degrees.
• This will promote better and quicker germination.
• A heated germination mat works well.
• While your seedlings are growing, get your garden ready.
• Add plenty of compost, manure, and a general fertilizer.
• Peppers like hot weather.
• Transplant young seedlings outdoors after the last chance of frost.
• If the weather is still cool, delay transplanting a few days.
• Keep them in a cold frame, indoors.
• Space 18-24 inches apart, in rows 24 to 30 inches apart.
• Mulching around the peppers to keep down weeds, retain moisture, and help to feed the plant.
• As the peppers develop, use a fertilizer higher in Phosphorous and Potassium.
• Providing too much nitrogen will result in a great looking bushy, green plant, but few fruits.
• Peppers can be picked as soon as they reach a size which is edible.
• Continuous harvesting encourages the fruit to produce new flowers.
• Spider mites and aphids are the most common problems.
• An occasional borer insect is also known to attack this plant.
• Try an organic insecticide or dust.
• Fungal infections can be treated with fungicides. Apply treatment as soon as you see it.
• Potential pests include aphids, white flies, cutworms, pepper maggots, and Colorado potato beetles.
• Diseases include Verticillium wilt and mosaic virus.
• Frost will stunt or kill the plants.
• Cold weather can cause the plant to slow down or stunt it.
• Use a hot cap in on cold and frosty spring nights.

1 comment to Hainan Yellow Lantern Chili also known as Yellow Emperor Chili is a member of Capsicum Chinese.

  • These do NOT only grow in Hainan. Don’t believe Wikipedia.

    They also grow in Guangxi and Yunnan provinces. I’ve visited the fields. I have a jar of pickled yellow lantern chilis in my kitchen cupboard. Grown here in Guangxi. I helped pick them.

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