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Bishop’s Crown, also known as Balloon pepper or Christmas Bell is a variety of chili pepper.




Image of Bishop’s Crown plant at Google

The Bishop’s Crown which is also known as Balloon pepper, Pimenta Cambuci, Campane, Peri Peri, Ubatuba Cambuci, Aji Flor Orchid and Christmas Bell is a variety of chili pepper that belongs to the species Capsicum baccatum var. pendulum.

Overview

• It is named for its distinct three-sided shape resembling a Bishop’s Crown.
• This variety can be found in Barbados.
• It may be indigenous to South America.
• It is also found in Europe.
• The actual plant is relatively large and can grow up to a height of 3 to 4 feet.
• It produces 30 to 50 peculiar, 3 or 4 flat-winged, wrinkled pods.
• They appear somewhat flying saucer-like peppers.
• They grow to approximately 1.5 inches wide.
• The flesh inside each pepper is thin, yet crisp.
• They mature to red from a pale green colour.
• The body of the peppers has very little heat.
• The wings being sweet and mild.

Growing/Caring conditions for Bishop’s Crown pepper

• Sow seedlings indoors.
• Sow those eight to ten weeks before the last frost date for your area.
• They are a difficult in germination and seedlings grow slowly at first.
• Provide bottom heat or heat lamps to raise the soil temperature to 80 degrees.
• This will promote better and quicker germination.
• A heated germination mat works well.
• While your seedlings are growing, get your garden ready.
• Add plenty of compost, manure, and a general fertilizer.
• Peppers like hot weather.
• Transplant young seedlings outdoors after the last chance of frost.
• If the weather is still cool, delay transplanting a few days.
• Keep them in a cold frame, indoors.
• Space 18-24 inches apart, in rows 24 to 30 inches apart.
• Mulching around the peppers to keep down weeds, retain moisture, and help to feed the plant.
• As the peppers develop, use a fertilizer higher in Phosphorous and Potassium.
• Providing too much nitrogen will result in a great looking bushy, green plant, but few fruits.
• Peppers can be picked as soon as they reach a size which is edible.
• Continuous harvesting encourages the fruit to produce new flowers.
• Spider mites and aphids are the most common problems.
• An occasional borer insect is also known to attack this plant.
• Try an organic insecticide or dust.
• Fungal infections can be treated with fungicides. Apply treatment as soon as you see it.
• Frost will stunt or kill the plants.
• Cold weather can cause the plant to slow down or stunt it.
• Use a hot cap in on cold and frosty spring nights.





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