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March 2012
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Naga King Chili also known as The Bhut (Ghost) Jolokia is a chili pepper.

Image of Naga King Chili plant at Google

Naga King Chili which is also known as The Bhut (Ghost) Jolokia is a chili pepper that was previously recognized by Guinness World Records as the hottest pepper in the world.

• The pepper is typically called the ghost chili by U.S. media.
• The Bhut Jolokia or Naga King chilli is an interspecific hybrid.
• This hybrid was cultivated in the Assam region of northeastern India and parts of neighboring Bangladesh.
• It grows in the Indian states of Assam, Nagaland and Manipur.
• It can also be found in rural Sri Lanka where it is known as Nai Mirris (cobra chili).
• DNA tests showed that this pepper is an interspecies hybrid, mostly C. chinense with some C. frutescens genes.
• Bhut Jolokia is 401.5 times hotter than Tabasco sauce.
• Ripe peppers measure 60 to 85 mm (2.4 to 3.3 in) long and 25 to 30 mm (1.0 to 1.2 in) wide.
• They come in red, yellow, orange or chocolate color.
• Bhut Jolokia is used as a food and a spice as well as a remedy to summer heat.
• It induces perspiration in the consumer.
• In northeastern India, the peppers are smeared on fences or incorporated in smoke bombs as a safety precaution.
• This is to keep wild elephants at a distance.

Growing/Caring conditions for Naga Jolokia Pepper
• Sow seedlings indoors.
• It prefers well-drained soils, such as silty or sandy loams, and 800–2,000 mm (31–79 in) of annual precipitation.
• Sow them late spring to early summer.
• A soil pH of 7.0 – 8.5 is good for this plant.
• The plant requires full sun.
• Zones 10-12.
• This plant needs temperatures to be at least 64 degrees F to germinate.
• Sow those eight to ten weeks before the last frost date for your area.
• They are a difficult in germination and seedlings grow slowly at first.
• Provide bottom heat or heat lamps to raise the soil temperature to 80 degrees.
• This will promote better and quicker germination.
• A heated germination mat works well.
• While your seedlings are growing, get your garden ready.
• Add plenty of compost, manure, and a general fertilizer.
• Peppers like hot weather.
• Transplant young seedlings outdoors after the last chance of frost.
• If the weather is still cool, delay transplanting a few days.
• Keep them in a cold frame, indoors.
• Space 18-24 inches apart, in rows 24 to 30 inches apart.
• Mulching around the peppers to keep down weeds, retain moisture, and help to feed the plant.
• As the peppers develop, use a fertilizer higher in Phosphorous and Potassium.
• Providing too much nitrogen will result in a great looking bushy, green plant, but few fruits.
• Peppers can be picked as soon as they reach a size which is edible.
• Continuous harvesting encourages the fruit to produce new flowers.
• Spider mites and aphids are the most common problems.
• An occasional borer insect is also known to attack this plant.
• Try an organic insecticide or dust.
• Fungal infections can be treated with fungicides. Apply treatment as soon as you see it.
• Potential pests include aphids, white flies, cutworms, pepper maggots, and Colorado potato beetles.
• Diseases include Verticillium wilt and mosaic virus.
• Frost will stunt or kill the plants.
• Cold weather can cause the plant to slow down or stunt it.
• Use a hot cap in on cold and frosty spring nights.

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