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Malagueta peppers – widely used peppers of Brazil and belong to the species Capsicum frutescens.




Image of Malagueta pepper plant at Google

Malagueta peppers are the widely used peppers of Brazil and belong to the species Capsicum frutescens.

Overview
• They are known as hot peppers.
• They are small, tapered, green peppers which turn red as they mature.
• They are about 2 inches in length at maturity.
• It is a very hot pepper, with a range of 60,000 to 100,000 Scoville units.
• There are two sizes seen in markets.
• The smaller ones are called “malaguetinha”.
• The larger ones are called “malaguetão”.
• They are not different varieties but of different maturities from the same plant.
• This pepper is used to season many regional dishes in Brazil.
• They are used in sauces.

Growing/Caring conditions for Malagueta pepper
• Sow seedlings indoors.
• Sow those eight to ten weeks before the last frost date for your area.
• They are a difficult in germination and seedlings grow slowly at first.
• Provide bottom heat or heat lamps to raise the soil temperature to 80 degrees.
• This will promote better and quicker germination.
• A heated germination mat works well.
• While your seedlings are growing, get your garden ready.
• Add plenty of compost, manure, and a general fertilizer.
• Peppers like hot weather.
• Transplant young seedlings outdoors after the last chance of frost.
• If the weather is still cool, delay transplanting a few days.
• Keep them in a cold frame, indoors.
• Space 18-24 inches apart, in rows 24 to 30 inches apart.
• Mulching around the peppers to keep down weeds, retain moisture, and help to feed the plant.
• As the peppers develop, use a fertilizer higher in Phosphorous and Potassium.
• Providing too much nitrogen will result in a great looking bushy, green plant, but few fruits.
• Peppers can be picked as soon as they reach a size which is edible.
• Continuous harvesting encourages the fruit to produce new flowers.
• Spider mites and aphids are the most common problems.
• An occasional borer insect is also known to attack this plant.
• Try an organic insecticide or dust.
• Fungal infections can be treated with fungicides. Apply treatment as soon as you see it.
• Frost will stunt or kill the plants.
• Cold weather can cause the plant to slow down or stunt it.
• Use a hot cap in on cold and frosty spring nights.





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