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March 2012
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Anemone Nemorosa is an early-spring flowering and an herbaceous perennial plant.

Image of Anemone Nemorosa plant at Google

Anemone nemorosa which are also known as wood anemone, windflower, thimbleweed and smell fox is an early-spring flowering and an herbaceous perennial plant in the genus Anemone and belongs to the family Ranunculaceae.

The leaves of this anemome have a musky smell. This perennial grows in early spring of up to a height of 5 to 15 cm. Once the foliage emerges, the blooming also starts of this anemone. The leaves have three segments and the foliage has one flower per stem. They form rhizomes and by midsummer the foliage dies causing rhizomes to spread. They spread in clumps in woodland conditions.

The flower has 6-7 sepals also known as tepals and is about 2cm in diameter. The flowers are white or pinkish, liliac, blue or yellow in color with no fragrance or nectar. They are self pollinated.

This plant is known to have protoanemonin which causes severe skin and gastrointestinal irritation, burning mouth sensation, burning throat sensation, mouth ulcers, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, bitter taste in mouth, blood in vomit.
It has been awarded an Award of Garden Merit by the Royal Horticultural Society.

They are found in the north and south temperate zones. Anemone in Greek means “daughter of the wind”. These are perennials which have basal leaves. The stems are upright and have long leaves. The leaves of Anemone can be simple to compound with lobed or parted blades. The margins of these leaves can be toothed or entire. The flowers are in umbels with 4-27 petals. The fruit is ovoid and in a tight cluster.
The flowers are of various colors that range from scarlet, crimson, blue, purple, and white. They are used as cut flower.

There are approximately 150 species and the other varieties are:
• Anemone baicalensis
• Anemone blanda
• Greek Windflower
• Anemone canadensis
• Anemone caroliniana
• Anemone coronaria
• Poppy Anemone
• Anemone cylindrica
• Anemone deltoidea
• Anemone drummondii
• Anemone hortensis
• Anemone hupehensis
• Chinese Anemone var. japonica
• Japanese Anemone
• Anemone lancifolia
• Anemone multifida
• Anemone narcissiflora
• Narcissus Anemone
• Anemone chinesis
• European Wood Anemone
• Anemone occidentalis
• Western pasqueflower
• Anemone oregana
• Anemone parviflora
• Anemone quinquefolia
• American Wood Anemone
• Anemone ranunculoides
• Yellow Woodland Anemone
• Anemone riparia
• Anemone hepatica
• Anemone sylvestris
• Snowdrop Windflower
• Anemone thomsonii
• Anemone trifolia
• Anemone tuberosa
• Anemone virginiana
• Former Pulsatilla species
• Anemone pulsatilla
• Pasque Flower

Anemone species are sometimes targeted by cutworms, the larvae of noctuid moths such as Angle Shades and Heart and Dart.

Growing/Caring conditions for Anemone nemorosa:
• These plants need full sun.
• This plant needs hardy zones of 5 to 9.
• Plant the anemone bulbs depending on their variety.
• Plant the spring flowering anemone bulb in early to mid fall.
• Plant the summer flowering anemone bulb after the last frost date.
• Expose the location to at least 6 hours of sun each day.
• Add compost to the soil of the planting location.
• These bulbs need loose soil and well drained soil.
• Soak the bulbs in a container with half of the bulb in water to about 2-4 hours.
• Place the anemone bulbs in a hole that is about 1-2 inches deep.
• Space these bulbs to about 5-6 inches apart.
• Cover with soil.
• Water well.
• Let the soil dry in between watering.

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