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Anaheim Pepper – a mild variety of chili pepper and a variety of Capsicum annum.




Image of Anaheim Pepper plant at Google

An Anaheim pepper is a mild variety of chili pepper. It is a variety of Capsicum annum.

Overview
• The name “Anaheim” derives from a farmer named Emilio Ortega.
• He brought the seeds to the Anaheim, California, area in the early 1900s.
• They are also called California chili or Magdalena.
• They are dried as chile seco del norte.
• Anaheim peppers originated from New Mexico and hence are also sometimes known as New Mexico peppers.
• The chile “heat” of Anaheims typically ranges from 500 to 2,500 on the Scoville scale.
• Many varieties grown in New Mexico can reach 4,500 to 5,000 Scoville units.
• This chile is used in many Mexican and New Mexican dishes.

Growing/Caring conditions for Anaheim Peppers
• Sow seedlings indoors.
• It prefers well-drained soils, such as silty or sandy loams, and 800–2,000 mm (31–79 in) of annual precipitation.
• Sow them late spring to early summer.
• The plant requires full sun.
• Sow those eight to ten weeks before the last frost date for your area.
• They are a difficult in germination and seedlings grow slowly at first.
• Provide bottom heat or heat lamps to raise the soil temperature to 80 degrees.
• This will promote better and quicker germination.
• A heated germination mat works well.
• While your seedlings are growing, get your garden ready.
• Add plenty of compost, manure, and a general fertilizer.
• Peppers like hot weather.
• Transplant young seedlings outdoors after the last chance of frost.
• If the weather is still cool, delay transplanting a few days.
• Keep them in a cold frame, indoors.
• Space 18-24 inches apart, in rows 24 to 30 inches apart.
• Mulching around the peppers to keep down weeds, retain moisture, and help to feed the plant.
• As the peppers develop, use a fertilizer higher in Phosphorous and Potassium.
• Providing too much nitrogen will result in a great looking bushy, green plant, but few fruits.
• Peppers can be picked as soon as they reach a size which is edible.
• Continuous harvesting encourages the fruit to produce new flowers.
• Spider mites and aphids are the most common problems.
• An occasional borer insect is also known to attack this plant.
• Try an organic insecticide or dust.
• Fungal infections can be treated with fungicides. Apply treatment as soon as you see it.
• Potential pests include aphids, white flies, cutworms, pepper maggots, and Colorado potato beetles.
• Diseases include Verticillium wilt and mosaic virus.
• Frost will stunt or kill the plants.
• Cold weather can cause the plant to slow down or stunt it.
• Use a hot cap in on cold and frosty spring nights.





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