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March 2012
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Anadenanthera peregrina var. falcata is a timber tree – used as an ornamental and medicinal plant.

Image of Anadenanthera peregrina var. falcata plant at Google

Anadenanthera peregrina var. falcata is a timber tree that is native to Paraguay and Cerrado vegetation found in Brazil, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, and São Paulo. This plant is also used as an ornamental and medicinal plant.

It has a knotty or thorny bark. The leaves are of mimosa type that is about 7-20cm with white to pale yellow spherical flowers. The flowers appear in clustered that are covered with white hairs. The seeds are burgundy brown in color and like pea shaped pods. They are about 35cm in length which have 10 seeds in each pod. The seeds are flat and 1.5cm in diameter.

The tree’s gum is like that of gum Arabic. The bark has tannin. It is used as a honey plant and a medicinal plant. It is an ornamental plant too.

The bark is used to treat liver problems, upper respiratory infections and angina pectoris, gonorrhea. The powdered seeds are used for treating headaches and colds. The wood is hard and hence used for cutting tools and for outdoor and general construction, marine applications, ties and implement handles.

It is used for firewood, charcoal, floors, beams, posts, stakes, and boat construction.

Growing/Caring conditions for Anadenanthera peregrina var. falcate:
• Presoak the seeds in sterile water for a day.
• Germinate the seeds in a medium with no organic matter.
• Germinate on a damp tissue paper
• Horticultural sand, perlite and vermiculite are ideal
• Germination minimum temperature is of 22°C.
• Sow the seeds in pots 1cm deep and water lightly.
• Keep the soil moist but not wet.
• The soil should be a well drained type.
• Keep the location from direct sunlight.
• Daily ventilation should be provided to avoid formation of moulds.
• Add half or quarter solution of Cheshunt compound or sulphur powdered chalk or powdered limestone to avoid formation of moulds.
• Germination of seeds should take about a week.
• Water regularly and sparingly.
• The location should not be too hot as they might wilt or die.
• Feed with a fertilizer during summer months.
• Once seedlings are well established, move them to individual pots.
• 50% cactus compost, 50% perlite or 50% peat substitute, 25% coconut coir and 25% perlite can be provided for well draining of the soil.
• These plants can withstand a light frost.

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