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Anadenanthera colubrina var. colubrina, also known as vermelho is a tree native to Argentina and Brazil.




Image of Anadenanthera colubrina var. colubrina plant at Google

Anadenanthera colubrina var. colubrina which is also known as vermelho, Aperta-ruao and Cambui-angico is a tree that is native to Argentina and Brazil.

Overview
– This is a tree that can grow up to a height of 10-20 meters and can maximum go up to 30metres tall.
– The thickness of the bark is about 4–10 mm.
– The surface is almost smooth and is gray; black speckled which resembles snake skin.
– The bark has tannin.
– It has a knotty or thorny bark.
– The leaves are of mimosa type that is about 7-20cm with white to pale yellow spherical flowers.
– The flowers appear in clustered that are covered with white hairs.
– The seeds are burgundy brown in color and like pea shaped pods.
– They are about 35cm in length which have 10 seeds in each pod.
– The seeds are flat and 1.5cm in diameter.
– The tree’s gum is like that of gum Arabic.
– It is used as a honey plant and a medicinal plant.
– It is an ornamental plant too.
– The bark is used to treat liver problems, upper respiratory infections and angina pectoris, gonorrhea.
– The powdered seeds are used for treating headaches and colds.
– The wood is hard and hence used for cutting tools and for outdoor and general construction, marine applications, ties and implement handles.
– It is used for firewood, charcoal, floors, beams, posts, stakes, and boat construction.

Growing/Caring conditions for Anadenanthera colubrina var. colubrina
• Presoak the seeds in sterile water for a day.
• Germinate the seeds in a medium with no organic matter.
• Germinate on a damp tissue paper.
• Horticultural sand, perlite and vermiculite are ideal.
• Germination minimum temperature is of 22°C.
• Sow the seeds in pots 1cm deep and water lightly.
• Keep the soil moist but not wet.
• The soil should be a well drained type.
• Keep the location from direct sunlight.
• Daily ventilation should be provided to avoid formation of moulds.
• Add half or quarter solution of Cheshunt compound or sulphur powdered chalk or powdered limestone to avoid formation of moulds.
• Germination of seeds should take about a week.
• Water regularly and sparingly.
• The location should not be too hot as they might wilt or die.
• Feed with a fertilizer during summer months.
• Once seedlings are well established, move them to individual pots.
• 50% cactus compost, 50% perlite or 50% peat substitute, 25% coconut coir and 25% perlite can be provided for well draining of the soil.
• These plants can withstand a light frost.





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