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Andrographis Paniculata also known as Green chirayta is an herbaceous plant.

Image of Andrographis paniculata plant at Google

Andrographis paniculata which is also known as Green chirayta, creat, king of bitters, andrographis, and India echinacea is an herbaceous plant that belongs to the family Acanthaceae. This plant can grow up to a height of 30–110 cm. This plant is a native of India and Sri Lanka. It is mostly cultivated in Southern Asia. Its leaves and roots are the parts used for medicines. It is used to treat infections and other diseases. It is used for making antibiotics.

Its common names are:
Language- Common name
• Assamese- Chiorta
• Arabic- Quasabhuva
• Marathi- Oli-kiryata
• Bengali- K?lmegh
• Oriya- Bhuinimba
• Chinese- Chuan Xin Lian
• Persian- Naine-havandi
• Gujarati- Kariyatu
• Sanskrit- K?lamegha Bh?nimba
• Hindi- Kirayat
• Tamil- Nilavembu, Sirunangai, Siriyanangai
• Kannada- Nelaberu
• Telugu- Nelavemaa or Nelavepu meaning “Neem of the ground”.
• Malayalam- Nilavembu, Kiriyattu
• Indonesian- Sambiloto
• Thai- Fa-Talai-Jorn, Fah-talai-jone, Fah-talai-jon
• Lao- La-Sa-Bee
• Sinhalese- H?n Kohomba / Heen Kohomba meaning “small neem,” or H?n B?m Kohomba / Heen Bim Kohomba

The stem is slender and in dark green color. The leaves are lance shaped and have blades with no hairs. They are about 8 centimeters long and 2.5 wide. The flowers are small and are on spreading racemes. The fruit is in form of a capsule and about 2 centimeters long and a few millimeters wide. The fruit has many yellow-brown seeds.

Medicinal Uses
– It is antityphoid and antifungal, antihepatotoxic, antibiotic, antimalarial, antihepatitic, antithrombogenic, antiinflammatory, anti-snake venom, andrographolide, an immunostimulant agent and antipyretic.
– It is used in treatment in human cancer and immune cells and uncomplicated acute upper respiratory tract infections.

Some known constituents of this plant are:
• “14-Deoxy-11-dehydroandrographolide, Plant
• 14-Deoxy-11-oxoandrographolide, Plant
• 5-Hydroxy-7,8,2′,3′-Tetramethoxyflavone, Plant
• 5-Hydroxy-7,8,2′-Trimethoxyflavone, Tissue Culture
• Andrographine, Root
• Andrographolide, Plant
• Neoandrographolide, Plant
• Panicoline, Root
• Paniculide-A, Plant
• Paniculide-B, Plant
• Paniculide-C, Plant

Growing/Caring conditions for Andrographis Paniculata:
• Sow the seeds in May or June.
• Sow the seed about 2 inches deep in the soil.
• If sowing indoors, sow in February or March so that in spring the transplanting can be done.
• Water well.
• Transplant once the seedlings emerge.
• Transplant the seedlings about 17 to 24 inches apart.
• Once the plant matures enough, space them about 11 to 16 inches apart.
• This plant needs sunny location for growing well.

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