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Anemone hepatica, also known as Hepatica Nobilis is an herbaceous perennial that belongs to the buttercup family, Ranunculaceae.

Image of Anemone Hepatica plant at Google

Anemone hepatica which is also known as Hepatica nobilis; Common Hepatica, liverwort, kidneywort, pennywort is an herbaceous perennial that belongs to the buttercup family, Ranunculaceae. It is a native of Europe which includes the woodlands in the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere.

This anemone was earlier known as Hepatica nobilis Schreb., because of its taxonomy differences. It is now indicated that because of the similarities both in molecular attributes and other shared morphologies, it is placed in the anemone variety.

Fresh liverwort contains protoanemonin and hence is considered slightly toxic. This anemone is made a non toxic anemonin by drying the herb which dimerizes protoanemonin.

This was used to treat liver diseases, pimples, bronchitis and gout.
Anemone is a genus that contains about 120 species of flowering plants. Anemone in Greek means “daughter of the wind”. These are perennials which have basal leaves. The stems are upright and have long leaves. The leaves of Anemone can be simple to compound with lobed or parted blades. The margins of these leaves can be toothed or entire. The flowers are in umbels with 4-27 petals. The fruit is ovoid and in a tight cluster.

The flowers are of various colors that range from scarlet, crimson, blue, purple, and white. They are used as cut flower. Anemone species are sometimes targeted by cutworms, the larvae of noctuid moths such as Angle Shades and Heart and Dart.

– Anemone baicalensis
– Anemone blanda
– Greek Windflower
– Anemone canadensis
– Anemone caroliniana
– Anemone coronaria
– Poppy Anemone
– Anemone cylindrica
– Anemone deltoidea
– Anemone drummondii
– Anemone hortensis
– Anemone hupehensis
– Chinese Anemone var. japonica
– Japanese Anemone
– Anemone lancifolia
– Anemone multifida
– Anemone narcissiflora
– Narcissus Anemone
– Anemone nemorosa
– European Wood Anemone
– Anemone occidentalis
– Western pasqueflower
– Anemone oregana
– Anemone parviflora
– Anemone quinquefolia
– American Wood Anemone
– Anemone ranunculoides
– Yellow Woodland Anemone
– Anemone riparia
– Anemone chinesis
– Anemone sylvestris
– Snowdrop Windflower
– Anemone thomsonii
– Anemone trifolia
– Anemone tuberosa
– Anemone virginiana
– Former Pulsatilla species
– Anemone pulsatilla
– Pasque Flower

Growing/Caring conditions for Anemone Hepatica:
– These plants need full sun.
– This plant needs hardy zones of 5 to 9.
– Plant the anemone bulbs depending on their variety.
– Plant the spring flowering anemone bulb in early to mid fall.
– Plant the summer flowering anemone bulb after the last frost date.
– Expose the location to at least 6 hours of sun each day.
– Add compost to the soil of the planting location.
– These bulbs need loose soil and well drained soil.
– Soak the bulbs in a container with half of the bulb in water to about 2-4 hours.
– Place the anemone bulbs in a hole that is about 1-2 inches deep.
– Space these bulbs to about 5-6 inches apart.
– Cover with soil.
– Water well.
– Let the soil dry in between watering.

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