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Chiltepin or Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum is a variety of Capsicum annuum and they are also known as chiltepin, chiltepe, and chile tepin.




Image of Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum plant at Google

Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum is a variety of Capsicum annuum and they are also known as chiltepin, chiltepe, and chile tepin.

Overview
– This variety is native to southern North America and Northern South America.
– Chiltepin is a shrub that usually grows up to a height of about 1 m (3.3 ft) and can reach 3 m (9.8 ft).
– The tiny chile peppers of C. a. var. glabriusculum are red to orange-red.
– They are slightly ellipsoidal.
– They are about 0.8 cm (0.31 in) in diameter.
– Tepin is derived from a Nahuatl word meaning “flea”
– These peppers are extremely hot, measuring between 50,000 and 100,000 Scoville Units.
– C. a. var. glabriusculum can be found in Texas, Arizona, and Florida in the Southern United States, the Bahamas, the Caribbean, Mexico, Central America, and Colombia.
– Chiltepin was named “the official native pepper of Texas” in 1997.

Growing/Caring conditions for Chiltepin
– Sow seedlings indoors.
– It prefers well-drained soils, such as silty or sandy loams, and 800–2,000 mm (31–79 in) of annual precipitation.
– Sow them late spring to early summer.
– A soil ph of 7.0 – 8.5 is good for this plant.
– The plant requires full sun.
– This plant needs temperatures to be at least 64 degrees F to germinate.
– Sow those eight to ten weeks before the last frost date for your area.
– They are a difficult in germination and seedlings grow slowly at first.
– Provide bottom heat or heat lamps to raise the soil temperature to 80 degrees.
– This will promote better and quicker germination.
– A heated germination mat works well.
– While your seedlings are growing, get your garden ready.
– Add plenty of compost, manure, and a general fertilizer.
– Peppers like hot weather.
– Transplant young seedlings outdoors after the last chance of frost.
– If the weather is still cool, delay transplanting a few days.
– Keep them in a cold frame, indoors.
– Space 18-24 inches apart, in rows 24 to 30 inches apart.
– Mulching around the peppers to keep down weeds, retain moisture, and help to feed the plant.
– As the peppers develop, use a fertilizer higher in Phosphorous and Potassium.
– Providing too much nitrogen will result in a great looking bushy, green plant, but few fruits.
– Peppers can be picked as soon as they reach a size which is edible.
– Continuous harvesting encourages the fruit to produce new flowers.
– Spider mites and aphids are the most common problems.
– An occasional borer insect is also known to attack this plant.
– Try an organic insecticide or dust.
– Fungal infections can be treated with fungicides. Apply treatment as soon as you see it.
– Potential pests include aphids, white flies, cutworms, pepper maggots, and Colorado potato beetles.
– Diseases include Verticillium wilt and mosaic virus.
– Frost will stunt or kill the plants.
– Cold weather can cause the plant to slow down or stunt it.
– Use a hot cap in on cold and frosty spring nights.





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