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Jalapeno – a medium-sized chili pepper is a cultivar of the species Capsicum annuum.




Image of Jalapeno plant at Google

The jalapeño is a medium-sized chili pepper that has a warm, burning sensation and is a cultivar of the species Capsicum annuum.

Overview
– A mature jalapeño fruit is 2–3½ inches (5–9 cm) long.
– It is usually consumed while it is still green.
– Sometimes they are eaten when crimson red.
– It originates in Mexico.
– This is a bush that grows 2–4 feet (60–120 cm) tall.
– It is named after Xalapa, Veracruz, where it was traditionally cultivated.
– Jalapeños are cultivated on smaller scales in Jalisco, Nayarit, Sonora, Sinaloa, and Chiapas.
– The jalapeño is variously named in Mexico as huachinango and chile gordo.
– Jalapeño is of Nahuatl and Spanish origin.

Growing/Caring conditions for Jalapeño
– Sow seedlings indoors.
– Sow them late spring to early summer.
– The plant requires full sun.
– Sow those eight to ten weeks before the last frost date for your area.
– They are a difficult in germination and seedlings grow slowly at first.
– Provide bottom heat or heat lamps to raise the soil temperature to 80 degrees.
– This will promote better and quicker germination.
– A heated germination mat works well.
– While your seedlings are growing, get your garden ready.
– Add plenty of compost, manure, and a general fertilizer.
– Peppers like hot weather.
– Transplant young seedlings outdoors after the last chance of frost.
– If the weather is still cool, delay transplanting a few days
– Keep them in a cold frame, indoors.
– Space 18-24 inches apart, in rows 24 to 30 inches apart.
– Mulching around the peppers to keep down weeds, retain moisture, and help to feed the plant.
– As the peppers develop, use a fertilizer higher in Phosphorous and Potassium.
– Providing too much nitrogen will result in a great looking bushy, green plant, but few fruits.
– Peppers can be picked as soon as they reach a size which is edible.
– Continuous harvesting encourages the fruit to produce new flowers.
– Spider mites and aphids are the most common problems.
– An occasional borer insect is also known to attack this plant.
– Try an organic insecticide or dust.
– Fungal infections can be treated with fungicides. Apply treatment as soon as you see it.
– Potential pests include aphids, white flies, cutworms, pepper maggots, and Colorado potato beetles.
– Diseases include Verticillium wilt and mosaic virus.
– Frost will stunt or kill the plants.
– Cold weather can cause the plant to slow down or stunt it.
– Use a hot cap in on cold and frosty spring nights.





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