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February 2012
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Guajillo chili (chile guajillo in Spanish) is a variety of chili pepper of the species Capsicum annuum.

Image of Guajillo Chile plant at Google

A guajillo chili (chile guajillo in Spanish) is a variety of chili pepper of the species Capsicum annuum. These chillies are produced by drying the Mirasol Chile. These chillies are widely used in the cuisine of Mexico.

The guajillo chilli is thin, deep-red flesh and has a green tea flavor with berry overtones. The fruits are large and mild in flavor. The amount of heat has a rating 2,500 to 5,000 on the Scoville scale, which is very small.

They are sometimes used to make the salsa for tamales. The dried fruits are seeded, soaked, pulverized to a thin paste, and then cooked with salt and several other ingredients to produce a thick, red, flavorful sauce.

Guajillo chillies may be used in:
• pastes,
• gutters or rubs to flavour all kinds of meats, especially chicken.
• added to salsas to create a sweet side dish with spice

Edible parts:
• Coloring
• Condiment
• Flowers
• Fruit
• Leaves

Medicinal uses:
• Antihaemorrhoidal
• Ant rheumatic
• Digestive
• Irritant
• Rubefacient
• Sialagogue

Growing/Caring conditions for Guajillo chile
– Sow seedlings indoors.
– Sow those eight to ten weeks before the last frost date for your area.
– They are a difficult in germination and seedlings grow slowly at first.
– Provide bottom heat or heat lamps to raise the soil temperature to 80 degrees.
– This will promote better and quicker germination.
– A heated germination mat works well.
– While your seedlings are growing, get your garden ready.
– Add plenty of compost, manure, and a general fertilizer.
– Peppers like hot weather.
– Transplant young seedlings outdoors after the last chance of frost.
– If the weather is still cool, delay transplanting a few days.
– Keep them in a cold frame, indoors.
– Space 18-24 inches apart, in rows 24 to 30 inches apart.
– Mulching around the peppers to keep down weeds, retain moisture, and help to feed the plant.
– As the peppers develop, use a fertilizer higher in Phosphorous and Potassium.
– Providing too much nitrogen will result in a great looking bushy, green plant, but few fruits.
– Peppers can be picked as soon as they reach a size which is edible.
– Continuous harvesting encourages the fruit to produce new flowers.
– Spider mites and aphids are the most common problems.
– An occasional borer insect is also known to attack this plant.
– Try an organic insecticide or dust.
– Fungal infections can be treated with fungicides. Apply treatment as soon as you see it.

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