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Encyclia is a genus of orchids belonging to the orchid family, Orchidaceae.

Image of Encyclia plant at Google

Encyclia is a genus of orchids belonging to the orchid family, Orchidaceae. The genus name comes from Greek enkykleomai (“to encircle”), which refers to the lateral lobes of the lip that encircle the column. It is abbreviated in the horticultural trade as E. This genus occurs in Florida, Bahamas, West Indies, Mexico and tropical America.

Some of the species of this genus are:
– Encyclia adenocarpon
– Encyclia adenocaula
– Encyclia advena Brade (1935) 2n = 40[1]
– Encyclia aenicta Dressler & G.E.Pollard 1971.
– Encyclia alata
– Encyclia altissima – islas Turks y Caicos
– Encyclia amanda (Ames) Dressler 1971.
– Encyclia ambigua (Lindl.) Schltr. 1914
– Encyclia amicta (L.Linden & Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1919
– Prosthechea apuahuensis (Mansf.) Van den Berg
– Encyclia aspera (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918
– Encyclia asperula Dressler & G.E.Pollard 1974
– Encyclia atrorubens (Rolfe) Schltr. 1918
– Prosthechea borsiana (Campacci) Campacci
– Encyclia bracteata (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. ex Hoehne 1930
– Encyclia bractescens
– Encyclia brassavolae (Rchb.f.) W.E.Higgins
– Encyclia candollei (Lindl.) Schltr. 1914
– Encyclia cardimii Pabst 1977
– Encyclia caycencis Islas Turks y Caicos
– Encyclia ceratistes (Lindl.) Schltr. 1919
– Encyclia chapadensis Menez. 1992
– Encyclia chiapasensis Withner & D.G.Hunt 1994
– Encyclia chloroleuca (Hooker) Neumann.
– Encyclia citrina (La Llave & Lex.) W.E.Higgins
– Encyclia cochleata (L.) W.E.Higgins
– Encyclia cordigera
– Prosthechea crassilabia (Poepp. & Endl.) Carnevali & I.Ramírez
– Encyclia cyperifolia (C.Schweinf.) Carnevali & I.Ramírez 1993
– Encyclia dichroma
– Encyclia dickinsoniana (Withner) Hamer 1985

Growing/Caring conditions for Encyclia
– Select a location which receives natural sunlight.
– Care should be taken that the location is not too hot.
– Indirect light is preferred in summer.
– Plant the orchid in the location.
– Water the orchid well.
– Care should be taken, not to overwater the orchid.
– Keep the orchid moist.
– Plant blooms in the fall to spring.
– Repotting annually is better for some orchids.
– Plant the orchid in a potting mix of mulch for tropical plants.
– Fertilize the orchid with plant food that is specific for orchids.
– Control the way roots get their oxygen because it is an important factor when they grow.
– This plant needs rich and fertile soil.
– This plant needs well draining soil.
– Add tree fern fibers (for small plants), several pieces of coarse fir bark, or sphagnum moss for draining.
– Dead growth and branches should be removed.

The following fungal and bacterial infections are known to attack the plant.
– Leaf spot is caused by Colletotrichum and Gleosporium
– Leaf blight – caused by Pythium
– Collar blocth – caused by Penicilium thomii
– Collar rot – caused by Sclerotium
– Orchid wilt – caused by Sclerotium rolfsli

To avoid the above, fungicides like Captan, Dithane, Agrosan and Ceresan are very effective.

– More than 32 diseases are known to occur on orchids with the most common are Cymbidium mosaic virus.
– All infected plants should be isolated to prevent spreading of the disease for avoiding.
– The most commonly reported insects pests on orchids are thrips, aphids, spidermite, soft scale, mealy bugs, orchid weevil, snail and slugs.
– They feed on tender young shoot, suck the sap and damage the young bud and shoot and also act as the carrier of different diseases.
– These can be controlled by effective insecticides like Parathion, Malathion, BHC, Aldrin, Dieldrin, etc. Metaldehyde has proved to be very effective in killing slugs and snails.

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