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Dendrobium is a genus that belongs to the family of orchids.

Image of Dendrobium plant at Google

Dendrobium is a genus that belongs to the family of orchids. This genus was established by Olof Swartz in 1799. It comprises of about 1,200 species. They are found throughout much of south, east and southeast Asia, including the Philippines, Borneo, Australia, New Guinea, Solomon Islands and New Zealand.

The name of this genus comes from the Greek dendron (“tree”) and bios (“life”); which means”one who lives on trees”, or, essentially, “epiphyte”. The genus is commonly abbreviated as Den in horticulture.

Some selected species are:
– Dendrobium amethystoglossum– Amethyst Tongued Dendrobium
– Dendrobium anosmum – Unscented Dendrobium – misnomer
– Dendrobium auriculatum – Eared Dendrobium
– Dendrobium bicaudatum – Two-tailed Dendrobium
– Dendrobium bukidnonensis– Bukidnon Dendrobium
– Dendrobium bullenianum – Bullen’s Orange Dendrobium
– Dendrobium candidum
– Dendrobium cariniferum
– Dendrobium ceraula – Horned Dendrobium
– Dendrobium cerinum
– Dendrobium chameleon – Chameleon-like Dendrobium
– Dendrobium chrysanthum
– Dendrobium conanthum
– Dendrobium crumenatum – Pigeon Orchid, Sparrow Orchid, Bag-shaped Dendrobium, “dove orchid”
– Dendrobium cuthbertsonii – Cuthbertson’s Dendrobium
– Dendrobium dearei – Deare’s Dendrobium
– Dendrobium erosum
– Dendrobium fairchildae – Fairchild’s Dendrobium
– Dendrobium formosum
– Dendrobium gerlandianum
– Dendrobium gibsonii
– Dendrobium goldschmidtianum – Goldschmidt’s Dendrobium
– Dendrobium guerreroi – Guerrero’s Dendrobium
– Dendrobium hercoglossum
– Dendrobium heterocarpum – Different fruits Dendrobium
– Dendrobium hymenophyllum
– Dendrobium ionopus – Violet scented Dendrobium
– Dendrobium junceum Philippine endemic
– Dendrobium kingianum – Pink Rock Orchid, Captain King’s Dendrobium, Pink Rock Lily (sometimes separated in Thelychiton)
– Dendrobium lindleyi – Lindley’s Dendrobium (formerly D. aggregatum)
– Dendrobium lituiflorum
– Dendrobium loddigesii – Loddiges’ Dendrobium
– Dendrobium macrophyllum – Large leafed Dendrobium
– Dendrobium mindanaense – Mindanao island Dendrobium
– Dendrobium miyasakii – Miyaki’s Dendrobium
– Dendrobium nobile – Noble Dendrobium
– Dendrobium papilio – Butterfly Dendrobium
– Dendrobium parthenium
– Dendrobium phalaenopsis – Cooktown Orchid (formerly D. bigibbum var. phalaenopsis, D. bigibbum var. superbum) – now classified asVappodes phalaenopsis
– Dendrobium philippinensis– Philippine Dendrobium
– Dendrobium phillippsii – Phillips’ Dendrobium
– Dendrobium platycaulon – Flat Cane Dendrobium
– Dendrobium profusum – Profused’ Dendrobium
– Dendrobium ramosii – Ramos’ Dendrobium
– Dendrobium sanderae – Sander’s Dendrobium
– Dendrobium schuetzei – Schuetz’s Dendrobium
– Dendrobium secundum
– Dendrobium seratilabium – Serrated Lip Dendrobium
– Dendrobium sinense
– Dendrobium speciosum – Outstanding Dendrobium, King Orchid, Rock Lily
– Dendrobium taurinum – Bulls Head Dendrobium
– Dendrobium thyrsiflorum
– Dendrobium thysanophorum
– Dendrobium uniflorum – Single flowered Dendrobium
– Dendrobium velutinalabrum
– Dendrobium victoriae -reginae – Queen Victoria’s Dendrobium
– Dendrobium wenzellii – Wenzell’s Dendrobium
– Dendrobium yeagerei – Yeager’s Dendrobium

Growing/Caring conditions for Dendrobium
– Select a location which receives natural sunlight.
– Care should be taken that the location is not too hot.
– Indirect light is preferred in summer.
– Plant the orchid in the location.
– Water the orchid well.
– Care should be taken, not to overwater the orchid.
– Keep the orchid moist.
– Plant blooms in the fall to spring.
– Repotting annually is better for some orchids.
– Plant the orchid in a potting mix of mulch for tropical plants.
– Fertilize the orchid with plant food that is specific for orchids.
– Control the way roots get their oxygen because it is an important factor when they grow.
– This plant needs rich and fertile soil.
– This plant needs well draining soil.
– Add tree fern fibers (for small plants), several pieces of coarse fir bark, or sphagnum moss for draining.
– Dead growth and branches should be removed.

The following fungal and bacterial infections are known to attack the plant.
– Leaf spot is caused by Colletotrichum and Gleosporium
– Leaf blight – caused by Pythium
– Collar blocth – caused by Penicilium thomii
– Collar rot – caused by Sclerotium
– Orchid wilt – caused by Sclerotium rolfsli

To avoid the above, fungicides like Captan, Dithane, Agrosan and Ceresan are very effective.

– More than 32 diseases are known to occur on orchids with the most common are Cymbidium mosaic virus.
– All infected plants should be isolated to prevent spreading of the disease for avoiding.
– The most commonly reported insects pests on orchids are thrips, aphids, spidermite, soft scale, mealy bugs, orchid weevil, snail and slugs.
– They feed on tender young shoot, suck the sap and damage the young bud and shoot and also act as the carrier of different diseases.
– These can be controlled by effective insecticides like Parathion, Malathion, BHC, Aldrin, Dieldrin, etc. Metaldehyde has proved to be very effective in killing slugs and snails.

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