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Aloe Vera which is also known as the true or medicinal aloe is a succulent plant in the genus Aloe.




Image of Aloe Vera plant at Google

Aloe Vera which is also known as the true or medicinal aloe is a succulent plant in the genus Aloe. It is a native of the Sudan and occurs in southern half of the Arabian peninsula, through North Africa (Morocco, Mauritania, Egypt) and neighboring countries, along with the Canary, Cape Verde, and Madeira Islands.

This aloe can grow up to a height of 60–100 cm (24–39 in). The leaves are fleshy and green to grey green in color. There are white flecks on the lower and upper surfaces of the stem. The leaf margin is serrated. The flowers are yellow in color and has 2–3 cm (0.8–1.2 in) long corolla.

It is used in herbal medicine in treatment of wound and burn healing, minor skin infections, sebaceous cyst, diabetes, and elevated blood lipids in humans. Aloe Vera has the presence of compounds such as polysaccharides, mannans, anthraquinones, and lectins.

The flowers are pollinated by sunbirds and honey bees.
These are grown in rocky gardens and in terrace gardens as the sprawling stonewall terrace climber.

Medicinally, these are known a Khoi. The sap, pulp, gel and crystals of aloe are used in treatments. These are used as laxative, for arthritis, conjunctivitis and sinusitis. The leaf gel is an application for soothing skin irritations, cuts, bruises and sun burns. They are used in soaps as well.

These plants are called succulent as they store water in their large, fleshy leaves, stems and roots too. Hence they can survive even in dry environments. Since it is a moist plant, it is easy to grow it indoors too. It is known to hold 95 percent of water.

These aloe plants tend to grow small sprouts of plants around the big plant, so it is better to remove these and plant them independently, or remove them as a whole. These sprouts are called pups.

Growing conditions of Aloe Vera
– Aloe can be grown by cutting.
– Fill the pot with potting soil and dirt mixture (half of each).
– Keep the aloes cutting, one to two inches deep into the soil.
– This plant need well drained soil.
– This plant prefers acidic soil and sandy soils.
– The soil used should have a pH around 6.5 to 7.5.
– Maintain the temperature around 25–35°C for good propagation.
– Use cactus mix or soil combined with sand if needed.
– If placed with root, see that the root is covered with soil along with one inch of plant as well.
– Press the soil around the plant.
– Water the aloe well.
– Keep the plant in shade on hotter days and in sun on colder days.

Care for Aloe Vera:
– Move the plant to a warmer area when temperature drops to zero or freeze.
– Use cactus mix to keep the soil moist, rather than wet.
– Keep the soil moist; do not let it dry out.
– Remove pups, the smaller plants around the bigger Aloe Vera plant.
– Use fertilizer during spring time.
– Keep the plant in shade on hotter days and in sun on colder days.
– Use a 10-40-10 fertilizer mix to ensure good fertilization.





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