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Serapias, a genus of terrestrial orchids belongs to the orchid family, Orchidaceae.

Image of Serapias plant at Google

Serapias is a genus of orchids belonging to the orchid family, Orchidaceae. Serapias is a genus of terrestrial orchids. These species are found all over southern Europe to Asia Minor. The genus was named after a syncretic Hellenistic-Egyptian god in Antiquity named Serapis. Serapias have spurless flowers. These flowers usually go dormant during the winter seasons.

Species of this genus are
– Serapias bergonii
– Serapias cordigera
– Serapias cossyrensis
– Serapias istriaca
– Serapias levantina
– Serapias lingua
– Serapias neglecta
– Serapias nurrica
– Serapias olbia
– Serapias orientalis
– Serapias parviflora
– Serapias perez-chiscanoi
– Serapias politisii
– Serapias strictiflora
– Serapias vomeracea

Natural Hybrids
– Serapias × albertii (S. neglecta × S. vomeracea)
– Serapias × ambigua ( S. cordigera × S. lingua)
– Serapias × ambigua nothosubsp. ambigua ( S. cordigera × S. lingua)
– Serapias × ambigua nothosubsp. panormosana (S. cordigera subsp. cretica × S. lingua)
– Serapias × cypria (S. bergonii × S. orientalis subsp. levantina )
– Serapias × euxina (S. bergonii × S. orientalis)
– Serapias × garganica (S. orientalis × S. vomeracea)
– Serapias × godferyi (S. cordigera × S. neglecta)
– Serapias × halacsyana (S. bergonii × S. cordigera)
– Serapias × halicarnassia (S. bergonii × S. orientalis subsp. carica)
– Serapias × intermedia (S. lingua × S. vomeracea)
– Serapias × kelleri (S. cordigera × S. vomeracea)
– Serapias × lupiensis (S. lingua × S. politisii)
– Serapias × meridionalis (S. lingua × S. neglecta)
– Serapias × oulmesiaca (S. lingua × S. cordigera subsp. cordigera)
– Serapias × provincialis ( S. cordigera × S. olbia)
– Serapias × pulae (S. istriaca × S. lingua)
– Serapias × rainei ( S. cordigera × S. parviflora)
– Serapias × todaroi (S. lingua × S. parviflora)
– Serapias × walravensiana (S. orientalis subsp. carica × S. lingua)

Growing/Caring conditions for Serapias
– Select a location which receives natural sunlight.
– Care should be taken that the location is not too hot.
– Indirect light is preferred in summer.
– Plant the orchid in the location.
– Water the orchid well.
– Care should be taken, not to overwater the orchid.
– Keep the orchid moist.
– Plant blooms in the fall to spring.
– Repotting annually is better for some orchids.
– Plant the orchid in a potting mix of mulch for tropical plants.
– Fertilize the orchid with plant food that is specific for orchids.
– Control the way roots get their oxygen because it is an important factor when they grow.
– This plant needs rich and fertile soil.
– This plant needs well draining soil.
– Add tree fern fibers (for small plants), several pieces of coarse fir bark, or sphagnum moss for draining.
– Dead growth and branches should be removed.

The following fungal and bacterial infections are known to attack the plant.
– Leaf spot is caused by Colletotrichum and Gleosporium.
– Leaf blight – caused by Pythium.
– Collar blocth – caused by Penicilium thomii.
– Collar rot – caused by Sclerotium.
– Orchid wilt – caused by Sclerotium rolfsli.

To avoid the above fungicides like Captan, Dithane, Agrosan and Ceresan are very effective.
– More than 32 diseases are known to occur on orchids with the most common are Cymbidium mosaic virus.
– All infected plants should be isolated to prevent spreading of the disease for avoiding.
– The most commonly reported insects pests on orchids are thrips, aphids, spidermite, soft scale, mealy bugs, orchid weevil, snail and slugs.
– They feed on tender young shoot, suck the sap and damage the young bud and shoot and also act as the carrier of different diseases.
– These can be controlled by effective insecticides like Parathion, Malathion, BHC, Aldrin, Dieldrin, etc. Metaldehyde has proved to be very effective in killing slugs and snails.

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