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Sophronitis abbreviated as Soph is a genus of orchids belonging to the orchid family, Orchidaceae.

Image of Sophronitis plant at Google

Sophronitis is a genus of orchids belonging to the orchid family, Orchidaceae. Sophronitis is abbreviated Soph in horticultural trade. It is a genus of epiphytic or lithophytic orchids. They are found in eastern Brazil, Paraguay and NE Argentina.

This genus comprise of 65 species. This genus is known for its red flowers.
Some species are:
– Sophronitis acuensis Fowlie: Açu Sophronitis (Brazil – Rio de Janeiro).
– Sophronitis alaorii (Brieger & Bicalho) Van den Berg & M.W.Chase: Alaor’s Sophronitis (Brazil – Bahia).
– Sophronitis alagoensis V.P.Castro & Chiron: (Brazil – Alagoas)
– ophronitis alvaroana (F.E.L.Miranda) Van den Berg & M.W.Chase: (Brazil – Rio de Janeiro).
– Sophronitis angereri (Pabst) Van den Berg & M.W.Chase: Angerer’s Sophronitis (Brazil – Minas Gerais).
– Sophronitis bahiensis (Schltr.) Van den Berg & M.W.Chase: Bahian Sophronitis (Brazil – Bahia).
– Sophronitis bicolor F.E.L.Miranda: Bicolored Sophronitis (Brazil – Rio de Janeiro).
– Sophronitis blumenscheinii (Pabst) Van den Berg & M.W.Chase: Blumenschein’s Sophronitis (Brazil – Minas Gerais).
– Sophronitis bradei (Pabst) Van den Berg & M.W.Chase: Brade’s Sophronitis (Brazil Minas Gerais).
– Sophronitis brevicaulis (H.G.Jones) Van den Berg & M.W.Chase: Short stemmed Sophronitis (Brazil).
– Sophronitis brevipedunculata (Cogn.) Fowlie: Short-stalked Sophronitis (Brazil – Minas Gerais).
– Sophronitis briegeri (Blumensch. ex Pabst) Van den Berg & M.W.Chase: Brieger’s Sophronitis (Brazil – Minas Gerais).
– Sophronitis britoi (K.G.Lacerda & V.P.Castro) Campacci: Brito’s Sophronitis (Brazil – Minas Gerais)
– Sophronitis caulescens (Lindl.) Van den Berg & M.W.Chase: Caulescent Sophronitis (Brazil – Minas Gerais).
– Sophronitis cernua (Lindl.) Hook.: Nodding Sophronitis (Brazil to NE. Argentina). This is the type species[3]
– 1.Sophronitis cernua var. alagoensis (Brazil – Alagoas). Pseudobulb epiphyte
– 2.Sophronitis cernua var. cernua (Brazil to NE. Argentina). Pseudobulb epiphyte
– Sophronitis cinnabarina (Bateman ex Lindl.) Van den Berg & M.W.Chase: Cinnabar Sophronitis (Brazil – S. Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro).
– Sophronitis coccinea (Lindl.)Rchb.f.: Scarlet Sophronitis (Brazil to Argentina – Misiones).

Growing/Caring conditions for Sophronitis
– Select a location which receives natural sunlight.
– Care should be taken that the location is not too hot.
– Indirect light is preferred in summer.
– Plant the orchid in the location.
– Water the orchid well.
– Care should be taken, not to overwater the orchid.
– Keep the orchid moist.
– Plant blooms in the fall to spring.
– Repotting annually is better for some orchids.
– Plant the orchid in a potting mix of mulch for tropical plants.
– Fertilize the orchid with plant food that is specific for orchids.
– Control the way roots get their oxygen because it is an important factor when they grow.
– This plant needs rich and fertile soil.
– This plant needs well draining soil.
– Add tree fern fibers (for small plants), several pieces of coarse fir bark, or sphagnum moss for draining.
– Dead growth and branches should be removed.

The following fungal and bacterial infections are known to attack the plant.
– Leaf spot is caused by Colletotrichum and Gleosporium
– Leaf blight – caused by Pythium
– Collar blocth – caused by Penicilium thomii
– Collar rot – caused by Sclerotium
– Orchid wilt – caused by Sclerotium rolfsli

To avoid the above, fungicides like Captan, Dithane, Agrosan and Ceresan are very effective.
– More than 32 diseases are known to occur on orchids with the most common are Cymbidium mosaic virus.
– All infected plants should be isolated to prevent spreading of the disease for avoiding.
– The most commonly reported insects pests on orchids are thrips, aphids, spidermite, soft scale, mealy bugs, orchid weevil, snail and slugs.
– They feed on tender young shoot, suck the sap and damage the young bud and shoot and also act as the carrier of different diseases.
– These can be controlled by effective insecticides like Parathion, Malathion, BHC, Aldrin, Dieldrin, etc. Metaldehyde has proved to be very effective in killing slugs and snails.

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