Allium moly which is also known as Golden Garlic and Lily Leek is a perennial plant. This plant is an edible bulb. This plant is used both as a medicinal and an ornamental plant. It is primarily found in Southern Europe that is Spain and Southern France and within the wilds of Michigan and Southern Ontario.
This plant forms fountain-like clumps that are 8 to 10 inches tall (20-25 cm) and spread about 6 to 8 inches wide (15-20 cm). The leaves are flat, pointed and green in color. The leaves are 2 inches wide (5 cm). The flowers appear in loose clusters which are in 3 to 4 inches in diameter (7-10 cm) and yellow in color. They are 0.5 inch wide (1.2 cm). They bloom in late spring-early summer for about 2 to 3 weeks. They are borne on 8-18 inches long stems (20-45 cm).
Alliums are members of the onion family. Among the best known Alliums are chives, onions, garlic, and shallot. This hardy, easy to grow flowering bulb comes in a wide variety of colors, heights and blooming times. Big, multi-floriated, round blooms are produced atop of a tall, sturdy spike. In general, they bloom from late spring to early summer.
Prairie onion attracts butterflies. Leaves, bulbs and bulblets can be used for food. Early explorers ate them, and they were also used by the American settlers to treat colds, coughs, and asthma, and to repel insects.
Growing/Caring conditions of Allium moly
- Onions, or Alliums, are grown from bulbs.
- The flower head also produces seeds, but most gardeners plant the easy to handle bulbs.
- Plant Allium bulbs in the soil in the fall, as soon as the ground can be worked.
- Plant them to a depth of twice the diameter of the bulb.
- If planting Allium seeds, sow them directly into the garden.
- Plant the seeds just 1″ deep (2.5 cm).
- Average Spacing 2 to 3 inches apart (5-7.5 cm) between the plants is required.
- They like full sun to partial shade.
- It is best to provide afternoon shade in hot climates.
- The plant needs hardiness of USDA: 3 (mulched), 4-10
- They tolerate poor soils, but prefer it to be well drained.
- Adding a general purpose fertilizer once in early spring is beneficial.
- Keep the soil moist to slightly dry.
- Water them during dry periods, once or twice per week.
- Keep them well weeded, or apply a 2-3 inch layer of mulch around the plants.
- Allium plants should come back yearly for many years.
- Alliums make good cut flowers. But, they will give off a slight onion scent
- Alliums have few insect or disease problems.