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Allium tuncelianum which is also known as Tunceli garlic and Ovacik garlic is a wild onion species.

Allium tuncelianum which is also known as Tunceli garlic and Ovacik garlic is a wild onion species. These plants are endemic to the Munzur Valley in Tunceli which is in eastern Turkey. This plant can grow up to a height of 50cm. The stem carries a rounded tight ball that contains many flowers. The flowers are hundreds in number and in greenish-white color.

This plant has taste and odor of garlic and also looks like garlic. These are considered to be the ancestors of garlic and related to garlic family. Genetically, they are known to be related to leek. This plant is used in cooking. They are often found in wild.

Alliums are members of the onion family. Among the best known Alliums are chives, onions, garlic, and shallot. This hardy, easy to grow flowering bulb comes in a wide variety of colors, heights and blooming times. Big, multi-floriated, round blooms are produced atop of a tall, sturdy spike. In general, they bloom from late spring to early summer. Prairie onion attracts butterflies. Leaves, bulbs and bulblets can be used for food.

Early explorers ate them, and they were also used by the American settlers to treat colds, coughs, and asthma, and to repel insects. (Niering)

Growing/Caring conditions of Allium tuncelianum:
– Ornamental Onions, or Alliums, are grown from bulbs.
– The flower head also produces seeds, but most gardeners plant the easy to handle bulbs.
– Plant Allium bulbs in the soil in the spring, as soon as the ground can be worked.
– Plant them to a depth of twice the diameter of the bulb.
– If planting Allium seeds, sow them directly into the garden.
– Plant the seeds just 1/8″ deep.
– Average Spacing 6 to 12Inches between the plants is required.
– They like full sun to partial shade.
– They need loam soils, but prefer it to be well drained.
– Adding a general purpose fertilizer once in early spring is beneficial.
– Keep the soil moist to slightly dry.
– Water them during dry periods, once or twice per week.
– Keep them well weeded, or apply a 2-3 inch layer of mulch around the plants.
– Allium plants should come back yearly for many years.
– Alliums make good cut flowers. But, they will give off a slight onion scent
– Alliums have few insect or disease problems.

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