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November 2011
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Alchornea castaneifolia is a medicinal plant and It is a bushy tree that belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae.

Image of Alchornea Castaneifolia plant at Google

Alchornea castaneifolia which is also known as Iporuru, Iporoni, Iporuro, Ipururo, Ipurosa, Macochihua, Tayuya, Jajuia, Trianosperma Tayuya, Bryonia Tayuya and Cayaponia ficcifolia and Niando,Pajaro is a medicinal plant that is native to Amazon Rainforest vegetation in Brazil.

The leaves are alternate and simple and petioles are short to long. The petioles are round and pulvinate basally. The blades are ovate and the leaves are needle like and erect. The margin is serrate and lower surface is more hairy and terminally inflorescent. The flowers are symmetric and sessile and sepals are glabrous and hairy outside. The fruits are deeply lobed into three capsules and seeds are ellipsoid and ridged inside.

Usually the leaf and the bark is used for medicines. It is a bushy tree that belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae. This tree provides food, rubbers, medicinal compounds, oils, dyes and many other useful products.

It is used for medicinal purposes like muscle pains, increase flexibility, treat snakebites, stingray wounds, paste of leaves is applied to wounds, its tea out of leaves to maintain blood glucose, blood cleanser, its decoction with honey to curb bitter taste, inflammatory problems, rheumatism, joint pains, psoriasis, for creating healthy digestive system and eczema, water retention, diarrhea, colds, arthritis, swelling, for fungal and viral infections; for erectile dysfunction and female fertility and general fatigue.

The photochemicals in iporuru are asteroids, saponins, phenols, flavonols, flavones, tannins, xanthonoids, and alkaloids are present that help in the aid and the anti-inflammatory properties of iporuru is due to alchorneine that is found in the bark of the plant.

Growing/Caring conditions for Alchornea castaneifolia:
– This plant can be propagated from seed.
– Scarify the seed coat by rubbing the seeds on sandpaper.
– Soak the seeds in hot water so that they swell.
– If stratification is done by placing the seed in moist towel, stratify for about 6 weeks.
– Sow the seeds and cover them will soil.
– Expose them to the indirect light.
– This plant needs low grade soil.
– Once the plants are large enough to handle, transplant them.
– Plant in spring.
– This plant need full sun and a sheltered position.
– Keep the seeds moist until germination.
– Mulch the plant in early season.
– The plants should be watered around the soil to ensure soil to root contact.
– This plant needs moderately fertile and well drained soil.
– The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils.
– The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils.
– Mulch with a 2-inch layer of bark or gravel mulch around the base for the plant to retain moisture and to keep the roots damp.
– Maintain evenly moist soil.

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