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Albizia julibrissin also known as Persian silk tree or pink siris is a species of legume.

Image of Albizia Julibrissin plant at Google

Albizia julibrissin which is also known as Persian silk tree or pink siris, Lenkoran acacia or bastard tamarind, “silk tree” or “mimosa” is a species of legume and is a native of southwestern and eastern Asia, from Azerbaijan east to China and Korea. In Japan, it is known as nemunoki, nemurinoki and nenenoki which all mean “sleeping tree” and Nemu tree. This tree has a specialty of its leaves closing during the night time and during rain as if sleeping and hence the name.

It is a small deciduous tree that can grow up to a height of 5–12 meters. Its bark is dark greenish and the stripes are vertical. The leaves are about 20-45 cm in length and 12-25 cm in breadth. They have pinnae of 6-12 pairs with 20-30 pair of leaflets.

There are two varieties:
– Albizia julibrissin var. julibrissin. The typical variety, described above.
– Albizia julibrissin var. mollis. Differs in the shoots being densely hairy.

This plant is used in forage, medicine and wood. This tree is used for its timber in India. It is a source of nectar for honey bees. This tree is used as an astringent, to treat boils, cough, to treat the eye, flu, gingivitis, lung problems, pectoral problems, as a tonic, abdominal tumors and for treating inflammation. It is used to cure bruises and as a vermicide. It has antidepressant properties.

Growing/Caring conditions for Albizia Julibrissin:
– This plant can be propagated from seed.
– Scarify the seed coat by rubbing the seeds on sandpaper.
– Soak the seeds in hot water so that they swell.
– If stratification is done by placing the seed in moist towel, stratify for about 6 weeks.
– Sow the seeds and cover them will soil.
– Expose them to the indirect light.
– This plant needs low grade soil.
– The extreme cold may damage or kill small Albizia plants so care should be taken.
– Once the plants are large enough to handle, transplant them.
– Plant in spring.
– This plant need full sun and a sheltered position.
– This plant does not require pruning.
– This plant can grow in hardy zones of USDA 6.
– Maintain the night temperatures to 55°F or above.
– Add a slow release organic fertilizer for good growth.
– Keep the seeds moist until germination.
– Mulch the plant in early season.
– The plants should be watered around the soil to ensure soil to root contact.
– This plant needs moderately fertile and well drained soil.
– The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils.
– The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils.
– Mulch with a 2-inch layer of bark or gravel mulch around the base for the plant to retain moisture and to keep the roots damp.
– Maintain evenly moist soil.

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