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Agarwood which is also known as oodh (or just agar) is dark resinous heartwood

Image of Agarwood plant at Google

Agarwood which is also known as oodh (or just agar) is dark resinous heartwood of genus Aquilaria that are native to Southeast Asia and belongs to Thymelaeceae family. This tree is infected by a mold named parasitc ascomycetous which makes this heartwood dark and the tree produces a resin that is dark and aromatic. The process is known as tylosis. The unaffected wood is light in color than the affected wood. This tree is also known as gaharu, jinko, aloeswood, agarwood, or oud.

It is used for incense and perfumes because of its aroma. The aroma is pleasing and the essential oil has religious significance in Vedas from India. This wood is acrid, bitter, thermogenic, digestive, carminative, deodorant, sudorific, andoyne, astringent, depurative, alexeteric, anti-inflammatory, and anti-leprotic, depurative, cardiotonic, rejuvenating and tonic.

It is used in vata and kapha, halitosis, dyspepsia, anorexia, cardiac debility, skin disease, leprosy, foul ulcers, hypothermia, inflammations, rheumatoid arthritis, cough, asthma, hiccough, albuminuria and general debility. It is used to treat vomiting in children, pectoralgia due to pneumonia and cepalagia.

The Aquilaria species that produce agarwood are:
– Aquilaria khasiana, found in India
– Aquilaria apiculina, found in Philippines
– Aquilaria baillonil, found in Thailand and Cambodia
– Aquilaria baneonsis, found in Vietnam
– Aquilaria beccarain, found in Indonesia
– Aquilaria brachyantha, found in Malaysia
– Aquilaria filaria, found in China
– Aquilaria grandiflora, found in China
– Aquilaria hilata, found in Indonesia and Malaysia
– Aquilaria malaccensis, found in Malaysia, Thailand, and India
– Aquilaria microcapa, found in Indonesia and Malaysia
– Aquilaria rostrata, found in Malaysia
– Aquilaria sinensis, found in China
– Aquilaria subintegra, found in Thailand
– Aquilaria crassna found in Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam
– Aquilaria cumingiana, found in Indonesia and Malaysia

This agar wood occurs in South and Southeast Asia, from the foothills of the Himalayas to the rainforests of Papua New Guinea and found in the Middle East, China, Taiwan and Japan. The flowers and seeds are produces in four years.

Growing/Caring conditions for Agarwood:
– This plant can be propagated from seed.
– This tree needs poor sandy soil.
– Its seedlings need a lot of shade.
– The seeds need lots of water.
– The distance between two plants is 3 metres.
– The distance between two rows is 4 metres.
– This plant needs a germination temperature of 15-22 C.
– The seeds usually germinate in about 7-21 days.
– The plant is best grown in USDA zone 7-11.
– This plant need full sun to partial shade but prefers lots of sunshine.
– This plant needs moderately fertile and well drained soil.
– It needs high humidity and hence it should be maintained.
– Plant in frost free spots.
– Mulch the plant to retain moisture.
– Seeds that are over watered are prone to rot and fail to germinate.
– Maintain evenly moist soil.

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