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Aframomum Corrorima also known as Korarima, Ethiopian cardamom, or false cardamom – a perennial

Image of Aframomum corrorima plant at Google

Aframomum corrorima which is also known as korarima, Ethiopian cardamom, or false cardamom belongs to the ginger family Zingiberaceae. It is a perennial, rhizomatous and an aromatic herb. This is a native of western Ethiopia in the provinces of Kefa, Sidamo, Illubabor and Wollega and in Sudan – south-western, Aloma Plateau, Uganda (western) and Tanzania (Usambara Mountains).

It is an important part in Ethiopian and Eritrean cuisine. It is a part of berbere, mitmita, awaze, and other spice mixtures. It is also used to flavor coffee, tea, and bread and butter. In cuisine, its seeds are dried and used in sauces.

Medicinally, it is used as a tonic, carminative, purgative and laxative. The seeds are the ones that are dried and used. This is the edible part of the plant. The fruits are used in a string as an ornament and rosaries especially by the Arabs.
The seeds have sweet flavour and have an essential oil of typical odor. It is also called nutmeg cardamom.

The stems can grow up to 1–2 m tall and in 1cm diameter. They are branched profusely and in red brown color. The roots are pale brown and fibrous and thin. The leaves are alternate and yellow green with veins prominent in appearance. The flowers bloom between January and September and the fruits are matured in about 2-3 months after flowering. The animals like monkeys help in dispersing the seeds. By the dispersal of seeds too the plants are spread.

These plants are preferred to be propogated from rhizome parts as it is easier, effective and quicker too.

Growing/Caring conditions for Aframomum Corrorima
– This plant can be propagated from seed.
– This plant can be propagated from rhizome parts more easily.
– The rust Puccinia aframomi has been observed so care should be taken from this rust.
– The seeds should be harvested when the fruit becomes red and mature.
– The plant is best grown in USDA zone 9 – 11.
– This plant need full sun to partial shade but prefers lots of sunshine.
– This plant needs well drained soil.
– It needs high humidity and hence it should be maintained.
– Plant in frost free spots.
– Mulch the plant to retain moisture.
– Seeds that are over watered are prone to rot and fail to germinate.
– Maintain evenly moist soil.

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