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October 2011
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Adenanthera pavonina also known as Barbados pride, Coral-wood, Peacock flower fence – a tree used for its timber.

Image of Adenanthera pavonina plant at Google

Adenanthera pavonina which is also known as Barbados pride, Coral-wood, Coral wood, Peacock flower fence, Red bead tree, Red sandalwood tree, Red sandalwood, Sandalwood tree, Saga bead tree is a tree that is used for its timber.

It is found in countries, Brazil, especially in Caatinga vegetation; Costa, Honduras, Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, Tobago, Venezuela, and the United States, specially in southern Florida.

This tree is used for nitrogen fixation, as forage, mulch to fertilize crops and as a medicinal and an ornamental plant. The trees beads are used for necklace and for cooking. This tree is known as Saga in Malay which means goldsmith as the seeds were used as weight for fine measures of gold. Four of the seeds make about a gram.

The flowers are small and yellow in color. The tree has rat-tail flower heads. The heads looks like catkins. The young leaves of this tree are cooked and eaten. The wood is used for boat building and firewood. Furniture is also made out of its wood. The beads are used in jewellery, leis and rosaries.
This tree is used medicinally to treat boils, soap, suppurative, tonic and antitumor properties. The wood is used to obtain red dye too. The flowers have a vague smell of orange blossoms.

In Melanesia and Polynesia it is also called the food tree as its seed were eaten. They are known to taste like soya bean. The ground seeds produce oil that is an industrial lubricant. The red powder that is made out of wood is an antiseptic used for treating boils and inflammations. Gout and rheumatism is treated by its decoction made out of its leaves. Its bark is used to wash hair.

Growing/Caring conditions for Adenanthera pavonina:
– The soil should be fertile and well-drained.
– The hardiness zone required is USDA 8a.
– This plant need partial shade, light, full sun.
– If growing from seed, the seeds should be soaked or boiled or scratched first to germinate.
– Put them in a compost filled pot.
– Place in the direct sunlight.
– The seeds germinate within weeks.
– Once 3 or 4 seedlings are formed, transplant outdoor to provide enough space for the plant to grow into a tree.
– Take care not to damage the baby roots.
– Feed lightly with all purpose fertilizer in early spring and early summer.

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