Kitchen Garden | Organic Gardens | Potted Plants | Growing Plants

Amazon Stuff

October 2011
« Sep   Nov »

Facebook Fan Page

Actinidia chinensis also known as kiwi, Yang-tao in Chinese, Chinese gooseberry, and kiwifruit – a medicinal plant

Image of Actinidia Chinensis plant at Google

Actinidia chinensis which is also known as kiwi, Yang-tao in Chinese, Chinese gooseberry, and kiwifruit is native to china. It is a fruit tree and a medicinal plant. It is found in slopes, ravines, secondary forests, thick oak forests and in bush lands.

Its bark is used for making paper. This plant has insecticidal properties. It is actually a vine that can grow to a length of 30 ft (10 m) and up to a height of 10 m and 3 meters wide. This is a deciduous vine and has flowers that are white in color and edible ovoid fruits. The foliage is also deciduous and the leaves are about 8 in (20 cm) in length. The younger shoots are in red green color. The older leaves are glabrous and in deep green color.

The flowers are fragrant. This vine is a dioecious plant that is the male and female vines are present and required for pollination. This vine is also pollinated by bees. The fruit is about 2.5 in (6 cm) in length. The fruit skin is brown and has dense brown hairs. The fruit has green flesh and tiny black seeds.

This vine has white to white-cream fragrant flowers. The kiwi is an ovoid fruit, which can be up to 2.5 in (6 cm) long. The skin is brown and has dense brown hairs. The flesh is green and contains numerous tiny black seeds.

Growing/Caring conditions for Actinidia chinensis:
– The soil should be fertile, well-drained and slightly acidic ground.
– This vine can withstand negative temperatures to 10°F (-12°C).
– The hardiness zone required is USDA 8a.
– If the temperature drops to -10.0 °C, the leaves damage
– This plant need partial shade, light, full sun
– The propagation of this plant is done by cutting, grafting and layering.
– If growing from seed, buy the seed from fruit shop.
– Dry the seed for one or two days.
– Put them in a compost filled pot.
– The seeds germinate within weeks
– Once 3 or 4 seedlings are formed, replant into broader pots.
– Take care not to damage the baby roots.
– Take care of the lower leaves that can burn due to direct sunlight.
– Early frost can destroy the fruit.
– This vine does not do well in desert soils.
– This vine needs protection from wind.
– Feed lightly with all purpose fertilizer in early spring and early summer.
– Prune the plant when it is dormant.
– Prune to 1/3 of the year’s growth.
– Space to about 1 to 1.5 feet apart using gauge wires.
– Support the vine as it grows.
– Pinch the fruit shoots in spring.
– Cut the fruiting arm for promoting new growth.

Leave a Reply

You can use these HTML tags

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>