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Achillea millefolium also known as yarrow, common yarrow, gordaldo, nosebleed plant is a flowering plant

Image of Achillea millefolium plant at Google

Achillea millefolium which is also known as yarrow, common yarrow, gordaldo, nosebleed plant, old man’s pepper, devil’s nettle, sanguinary, milfoil, soldier’s woundwort, thousand-leaf and thousand-seal is a flowering plant that belongs to the family Asteraceae. It is native to the Northern Hemisphere, New Mexico and southern Colorado. It is known as plumajillo, or “little feather” here.

It is known so for its shape of the leaves. It is also known as herbal militaris as it is known to staunch the flow of blood from wounds. It is a herbaceous perennial plant that can grow up to a height of 1m and the stems are rhizomatous. The leaves are about 5-20cm in length and are bipinnate to tripinnate. They are feathery and spirally arranged and the degree of hairiness varies.

The flowers are 3-8 in rays in ovate to round shape. The flowering is from May to June. These plants are usually found in grasslands and open forests. They grow well in spring. Both diploid and polyploidy plants are present in these plants. In some places they are planted to combat soil erosion as this plant is resistance to drought.

The varieties and subspecies of this plant are:
– Achillea millefolium subsp. millefolium
– Achillea millefolium subsp. millefolium var. millefolium – Europe, Asia
– Achillea millefolium subsp. millefolium var. alpicola – Rocky Mountains
– Achillea millefolium subsp. millefolium var. borealis – Arctic regions
– Achillea millefolium subsp. millefolium var. californica – California
– Achillea millefolium subsp. millefolium var. occidentalis – North America
– Achillea millefolium subsp. millefolium var. pacifica – west coast of North America
– Achillea millefolium subsp. millefolium var. puberula – California
– Achillea millefolium subsp. millefolium var. rubra – Southern Appalachians
– Achillea millefolium subsp. chitralensis – western Himalaya
– Achillea millefolium subsp. sudetica – Alps, Carpathians

This herb is a diaphoretic, astringent, randomizing agent, tonic, stimulant and mild aromatic. It is a healing herb. It is known to contain isovaleric acid, salicylic acid, asparagin, sterols, flavonoids, bitters, tannins, and coumarins. It is used for wounds, cuts and abrasions and is also known as staunch weed and Soldier’s Woundwort. It was known to be carried to treat battle wounds. It is also used in flavoring beer. In food, it is used as a leafy vegetable or in a soup. It is used as a dried herb in cooking. Other medicinal used are for treating inflammations, such as hemorrhoids, in colds and influenza, its effect on the circulatory, digestive, excretory, and urinary systems and headaches, allergic mucus problems, including hay fever.

Growing/Caring conditions for Achillea millefolium :
– Seeds require light for germination.
– Germination occurs when planted ¼ inch deep.
– Seeds also require a germination temperature of 18–24 °C (64–75 °F).
– Soil should be well drained.
– Plant the seedlings 12 to 18 inches apart for better and prolonged growth.
– Common yarrow can become invasive so take care.
– It may suffer from mildew or root rot so avoid it by placing it in well drained soil.
– The site needs full sun or light shade.
– Plant the yarrow in early to late spring.
– Plant the yarrow in soil and cover it up.
– Water occasionally.
– Do not allow water accumulation.
– Divide in early spring to fall.

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