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Acacia Confusa also known as are Acacia Petit Feuille, Small Philippine Acacia – a perennial tree

Image of Acacia Confusa plant at Google

Acacia confusa which is also known as are Acacia Petit Feuille, Small Philippine Acacia, Formosa Acacia (Taiwan Acacia) and Formosan Koa is a perennial tree. This perennial is a native to South-East Asia that can grow up to a height of 15m. This species can become invasive. The wood of this tree is used for making support beams for underground mines and for charcoal. This tree is also used for traditional medicine.

This acacia has phyllodes and has single foliage with bipinnate leaves. These phyllodes are about 8-10cm in length. These acacia has yellow flowers and has spherical heads. These heads are about 6-8mm in diameter. The pods are 5-10cm in length and about 1cm in breadth. Each pod has about 8 seeds.

The photochemical in this acacia are:
– N-methyltryptamine
– N,N-dimethyltryptamine

The plant is useful medically too in treatment of cough and cold and painful throat. It cures diarrhea, lowers high blood pressure. This acacia promotes digestion, soothes infection and irritations of the skin. It is also used as dye and to preserve fabrics from weather, mildew and marine exposure. The bark is rusty brown and wood is reddish brown.

Acacia is a semi evergreen shrub and belongs to the subfamily Mimosoideae and to the Fabaceae family. These are known as thorn trees, whistling thorns or wattles, including the yellow-fever acacia and umbrella acacias.

The plants leaves are compound and pinnate and petioles are vertically flat. They are feather like and in light to medium green in color. They are also known as phyllodes. These phyllodes protect the tree from sunlight and some acacias do not have phyllodes. In plants lacking phyllodes, cladodes exist. Cladodes are leaf like photosynthetic stems which are actually modified leaves.

The flowers are small and dense. They appear in globular or cylindrical cluster forms. The flowers range from purple, red to yellow and white. The plants have spines and branches are short, pungent and hard. Their seeds are known to germinate with great difficulty. They need to be put to temperatures of 80 degree C.

Growing/Caring conditions for Acacia Confusa:
– Plant or seed in a location where temperatures do not go below 64 degrees Fahrenheit.
– Place in a location with full sunlight.
– The plant needs to be misted.
– Let the soil be dry between the watering.
– If the soil gets too dry, the leaves will drop.
– The tree needs to feed every 15 to 20 days with a fertilizer which has low nitrogen levels.
– This helps in more bloom production.
– Prune the branches from spring to autumn.
– Prune every other year.
– Do not prune the leaves as the leaves are compound in this plant.
– Re-pot the plant two to four years.
– These plants attract flies, mites, aphids and thrips and hence protect the plants from these pests.
– Protect the plant from the typical disease called Anthracnose.
– This disease infects the leaves.
– Fertilize with a layer of compost on soil.

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