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Acacia berlandieri also known as Berlandier Acacia, Guajillo Acacia, guajillo, huajillo – a shrub

Image of Acacia berlandieri plant at Google

Acacia berlandieri which is also known as Berlandier Acacia, Guajillo Acacia, guajillo, huajillo is a shrub that can grow up to a height of 1 to 5 meters (3.3 to 16 ft). This shrub is a native of Southwestern United States and northeast Mexico. The shrub belongs to the legume family Mimosaceae. The flowers are spherical in shape and white in color. The flowers bloom from February through April. This acacia is toxic to livestock.

The chemicals present as below:
– Beta-methyl-phenethylamine
– Catechin
– Fisetin
– Hordenine
– Phenethylamine
– Quercetin
– Tyramine
– Tryptamine
– Dimethyltryptamine

Acacia is a semi evergreen shrub and belongs to the subfamily Mimosoideae and to the Fabaceae family. These are known as thorn trees, whistling thorns or wattles, including the yellow-fever acacia and umbrella acacias.

The plants leaves are compound and pinnate and petioles are vertically flat. They are feather like and in light to medium green in color. They are also known as phyllodes. These phyllodes protect the tree from sunlight and some acacias do not have phyllodes. In plants lacking phyllodes, cladodes exist. Cladodes are leaf like photosynthetic stems which are actually modified leaves. The flowers are small and dense. They appear in globular or cylindrical cluster forms. The flowers range from purple, red to yellow and white. The plants have spines and branches are short, pungent and hard. Their seeds are known to germinate with great difficulty. They need to be put to temperatures of 80 degree C.

Growing/Caring conditions for Acacia Berlandieri:
– Plant or seed in a location where temperatures do not go below 64 degrees Fahrenheit.
– Place in a location with full sunlight.
– The plant needs to be misted.
– Let the soil be dry between the watering.
– If the soil gets too dry, the leaves will drop.
– The tree needs to feed every 15 to 20 days with a fertilizer which has low nitrogen levels.
– This helps in more bloom production.
– Prune the branches from spring to autumn.
– Prune every other year.
– Do not prune the leaves as the leaves are compound in this plant.
– Re-pot the plant two to four years.
– These plants attract flies, mites, aphids and thrips and hence protect the plants from these pests.
– Protect the plant from the typical disease called Anthracnose.
– This disease infects the leaves.
– Fertilize with a layer of compost on soil.

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