Acacia catechu which is also known as mimosa catechu is a deciduous tree that is found mainly in India. This tree can grow up to a height of 15 m (50 ft). The other names that this tree is known with are Catechu, Cachou and Black Cutch. This is called “Katha” in Hindi and Catechu in Latin. The extracts cutch and catechu are derived from this tree. It is native to Asia, China, India and the Indian Ocean area.
This tree has seeds that are known to be rich in proteins. The branches of the tree are used to feed cattle as fodder.This tree has extracts that can treat sore throat, digestion problems and diarrhea. The wood is used as firewood and furniture and for tools. The tea prepared from the extract is known to heal and fresh the breath. It is used as a mouthwash to treat gingivitis and mouth sores.
The heartwood extract is popular for dyeing, leather tanning, as a preservative for fishing nets, for medicine and as a viscosity regulator for oil drilling.
This tree is thorn like. The foliage is light green, oval shaped and soft in texture. The branches are spiked and thin. The tree is highly fibrous and easily digestible.
This plant has been of a popular use in Ayurvedic remedies and medicines. It is found beneficial and popular for Ayurvedic treatments.
Growing/Caring conditions for Acacia Catechu:
- Plant the seeds by soaking them in hot water first to enhance germination.
- The seedling might take about six months to emerge.
- Once the seedlings emerge, they can be planted outdoors in a permanent place.
- Plant the tree in shade.
- The temperature should be maintained below 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Tree needs to be added with organic matter in first two to three weeks for enhancing growth.
- Nitrogen based fertilizer is good.
- The soil provided should be rich in Hydrogen.
- Water the plant by avoiding it to go dry.
- One can cultivate even from cuttings.
- Prune the tree around May and August.
- This tree blooms from spring to fall.
- Be careful of the thorns while pruning.