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Artemisia Maritime – also known as Sea Wormwood and Old Woman




Images of plant Artemisia Maritime at Google Search
Artemisia Maritima, which is also known as Sea Wormwood and Old Woman belongs to the wormwood species. It is found in northern hemisphere of the Old World. This is a perennial and a deciduous Shrub which can grow up to a height of 0.6 m (2ft). This Wormwood is found distributed in the British Isles, on the coasts of the Baltic, of France and the Mediterranean, and on saline soils in Hungary, in Southern Russia, the region of the Caspian Sea and Central Siberia to Chinese Mongolia.
The stems of this perennial can grow up to a height of a foot or 18 inches. The leaves are narrow and coated with white cottony fibers. The flower heads are small and oblong and have three to six tubular florets. The florets are yellow or brown in color. They bloom in August and September.
This wormwood is used for digestion. Its scent is like that of apple. The Wormwood is used as a bitter tonic and for curbing intermittent fever. This perennial is the source of the alkaloid Santonin. This is used for removing worms. It is an excellent stomach infusion. It is known as Cina Maritima in homeopathy. The leaves are used for flavouring in cuisine. It is a Anthelmintic; Antiseptic; Antispasmodic; Carminative; Cholagogue; Emmenagogue; Febrifuge; Stimulant; Stomachic; Tonic; and Vermifuge. It is used as a Repellent and Strewing.
The flowers are hermaphrodite and pollinated by wind. The plant prefers light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and needs well-drained soil. It can grow in saline soils. This shrub dislikes shade and dry and moist soils. It can grow in a hardy zone of 7.
This herb is also a host to the larvae.

Growing conditions/Care for Artemisia maritima:
• Plant in a sunny location.
• It grows in zones of USDA of 7 and -30° F temperature.
• If sowing the seeds, sow in moist sterile soil and cover with fine sand and peat moss.
• Avoid alkaline soil for this shrub.
• This herb can also be propagated by cuttings.
• Use 3-4 inches long cuttings.
• Rooting should take place in about 4-8 weeks.
• Remove the lower leaves and on the upper side about half of leaves so that the transpiration is reduced.
• This Wormwood needs full sun to partial shade.
• Dig a hole of 6 to 8 inches to plant.
• Add 2-4 inches of compost or manure to the planting soil.
• The plant’s root ball should fit the hole.
• Keep the soil moist and for good growth water occasionally especially in hot and dry weather.
• Fertilize this wormwood using liquid or general fertilizer every spring.
• Mulch the plant around to about 2-3 inches.
• Prune the shrub periodically for encouraging new growth.
• This Wormwood can tolerate poor soil.
• Maintain high humidity to ensure proper rooting.
• This Wormwood is not affected by many diseases or pests.
• Do not keep the plant wet or soggy as it develops root rot.
• Use a well-drained medium like that of 3 parts perlite to 1 part vermiculite or a mix of 1 part potting mix to 2 or 3 parts perlite.





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