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Artemisia Gmelinii – also known as Gmelin’s Wormwood




Artemisia Gmelinii which is also known as Gmelin’s Wormwood or Russian Wormwood is a perennial shrub. It can grow up to a height of 1.5 m (5ft). This perennial is found on dry stony slopes, especially in Ladakh and Lahul, Eastern Europe to Central Asia, China, Mongolia and Korea. These perennials flower from August to October. This plant has flavonoids, sesquiterpenes and other bio-active constituents.
This perennial grows well in hardy zone of 3. It needs well drained soil and prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. This perennial needs full sun and cannot grow in shade. The soil needs to be moist to dry. The flowers are hermaphrodite in nature. These flowers are pollinated by insects. The plant’s leaf and stem is used for treating hepatitis, hyperlipaemia and infected cholecystitis.
This shrub is used as food for livestock as it is known to be high in protein. Medically, it is used to treat intestinal worms and stomach problems. A decoction made out of their leaves is given to such patients for treatment.

Growing conditions/Care for Artemisia gmelinii:
• Plant in a sunny location.
• It grows in zones of USDA of 3 and -30° F temperature.
• If sowing the seeds, sow in moist sterile soil and cover with fine sand and peat moss.
• Avoid alkaline soil for this shrub.
• This herb can also be propagated by cuttings.
• Use 3-4 inches long cuttings.
• Rooting should take place in about 4-8 weeks.
• Remove the lower leaves and on the upper side about half of leaves so that the transpiration is reduced.
• The Wormwood needs full sun to partial shade.
• Dig a hole of 6 to 8 inches to plant.
• Add 2-4 inches of compost or manure to the planting soil.
• The plant’s root ball should fit the hole.
• Keep the soil moist and for good growth water occasionally especially in hot and dry weather.
• Fertilize this wormwood using liquid or general fertilizer every spring.
• Mulch the plant around to about 2-3 inches.
• Prune the shrub periodically for encouraging new growth.
• The Wormwood can tolerate poor soil.
• Maintain high humidity to ensure proper rooting.
• The Wormwood is not affected by many diseases or pests.
• Do not keep the plant wet or soggy as it develops root rot.
• Use a well-drained medium like that of 3 parts perlite to 1 part vermiculite or a mix of 1 part potting mix to 2 or 3 parts perlite.





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