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May 2011
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Russian Tarragon – Artemisia dracunculus Russian, belongs to the family Compositae

Russian Tarragon is a perennial herb that can grow up to a height of 12 to 36 inches (30 – 90cm). This belongs to the family Compositae. This herb is usually blended into Hollandaise, Tartar and Béarnaise Sauce and not so pronounced as its French variety, the French Tarragon. Its leaves are shredded and used in flavoring dishes. The leaves are rich in essential Iodine, Vitamins A and C and mineral salts. The roots are used for curing toothache by chewing. It is much hardier than French Tarragon. It is also known as “dragon herb”. It is native to a wide area of the Northern Hemisphere from easternmost Europe across central and eastern Asia to India, western North America, and south to northern Mexico.
The stems are slender and branched. The leaves are 2-8 cm long and 2-10 mm broad. They are lanceolate and glossy green. The flowers are 2-4 mm in diameter and small. They contain almost 40 florets that are yellow or greenish-yellow in color. They spread by underground runners.
It is used in green salads, in wine vinegar, while cooking roast meat, poultry and fish. It is added to butter sauces to go with marrow and artichokes. It is used outdoors and in hydroponics. It is grown by division, stem cuttings, or layering.

Growing conditions of Russian Tarragon:

• Sow the seeds in spring.
• Sow the seeds six weeks before last frost.
• Plant the seedlings 18 to 24 inches (45 – 60cm) apart.
• They grow well in a pH range between 6.5 (neutral) and 7.5 (mildly alkaline) with a preferred pH of 6.5.
• Cut the plants down in the autumn and protect from frost.
• The seed will take 10 to 14 days to germinate.
• Tarragon likes a sunny position.
• This plant needs deep, well-draining and fertile soil.
• It needs 4a to 8b of USDA Hardiness.
• It can be grown in containers.
• One can use Soilless potting mixes, perlite, vermiculite, Rockwool, coco peat and Oasis foam also.
• It needs dividing every 4 years.

Care for Russian Tarragon:

• It needs 4a to 8b of USDA Hardiness.
• They grow well in a pH range between 6.5 (neutral) and 7.5 (mildly alkaline) with a preferred pH of 6.5.
• Do not overwater the plant or underwater.
• This plant has Minimal disease issues.
• The usual pests are Whitefly and spider mites.

Images of the plant on Google Search (link)

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