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Artemisia Furcata – also known as the Three-Fork Wormwood




Artemisia Furcata which is also known as the Three-Fork Wormwood is an herbaceous perennial that grows up to a height of 7-35cm and is faintly aromatic. The stems are erect, light brown, simple, strigillose or glabrate. The leaves are basal and appear in form of rosettes with gray-green blades and about 2–10 cm. They have two embryonic leaves (dicotyledons). The flower heads are spreading and in arrays. The florets are in 6-7 and glabrate and they flower in late summer. This shrub is a native to North America north of Mexico. The base is not woody.
This perennial shrub is found in Bering Sea, in southern and interior Alaska, parts of Canada (disjunct in British Columbia and the northernmost Rocky Mountains of Alberta), and on Mt. Rainier in Washington. This shrub is useful for livestock and wildlife. It prevents wind erosion of sandy soils and protection to grasses on grazing sites.
Medically, it is used to treat intestinal worms and stomach problems. A decoction made out of their leaves is given to such patients for treatment.

Growing conditions/Care for Artemisia furcata:

• Plant in a sunny location.
• It grows in zones of USDA of 4 and -30° F temperature.
• If sowing the seeds, sow in moist sterile soil and cover with fine sand and peat moss.
• This herb can also be propagated by cuttings.
• Use 3-4 inches long cuttings.
• Rooting should take place in about 4-8 weeks.
• Remove the lower leaves and on the upper side about half of leaves so that the transpiration is reduced.
• This Wormwood needs full sun to partial shade.
• Dig a hole of 6 to 8 inches to plant.
• Add 2-4 inches of compost or manure to the planting soil.
• The plant’s root ball should fit the hole.
• Keep the soil moist and for good growth water occasionally especially in hot and dry weather.
• Fertilize this wormwood using liquid or general fertilizer every spring.
• Mulch the plant around to about 2-3 inches.
• Prune the shrub periodically for encouraging new growth.
• This Wormwood can tolerate poor soil.
• Maintain high humidity to ensure proper rooting.
• This Wormwood is not affected by many diseases or pests.
• Do not keep the plant wet or soggy as it develops root rot.
• Use a well-drained medium like that of 3 parts perlite to 1 part vermiculite or a mix of 1 part potting mix to 2 or 3 parts perlite.

Images of the plant, Artemisia Furcata, as seen on Google Search.





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