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Artemisia Capillaris – also known as wormwood is an herbaceous perennial




An Artemisia Capillary, also known as Wormwood is a herbaceous perennial that belongs to the family Asteraceae. It is a bushy and woody-based perennial or a sub shrub. It grows well in zones of 5-8 and needs full sun. This perennial can grow up to a height of 1 to 1.5 feet and spread wide about 1 to 2 feet. The flowers bloom from August to September and are in yellowish white in color. The plant has average water needs and medium maintenance. It requires dry to medium moisture and well drained soils and poor to moderately fertile soil to grow in its best. Plant will rot at its root in wet soils.
It has aromatic, gray-green foliage which is finely divided. The flowers appear in panicles and flower heads are absent as rays.
It is grown in borders and herb gardens. The flowers are hermaphrodite in nature and wind pollinated. The leaves and young shoots are antibacterial, anticholesterolemic, antiviral, cholagogue, and diuretic and used in the treatment of jaundice, hepatitis, gall bladder complaints and feverish illnesses and headaches.
The word “Artemisia” comes from the Greek god, Artemis.
This plant needs full sun to partial shade and well drained soil.

Growing conditions/Care for Artemisia capillaries:

• Plant in a sunny location.
• It grows in zones of USDA of 5-8.
• If sowing the seeds, sow in moist sterile soil and cover with fine sand and peat moss.
• This herb can also be propagated by cuttings.
• Use 3-4 inches long cuttings.
• Rooting should take place in about 4-8 weeks.
• Remove the lower leaves and on the upper side about half of leaves so that the transpiration is reduced.
• This Wormwood needs full sun to partial shade.
• Dig a hole of 6 to 8 inches to plant.
• Add 2-4 inches of compost or manure to the planting soil.
• The plant’s root ball should fit the hole.
• Keep the soil moist and for good growth water occasionally especially in hot and dry weather.
• Fertilize this wormwood using liquid or general fertilizer every spring.
• Divide the plant every 2-3 years for new growth.
• This Wormwood can tolerate poor soil.
• Maintain high humidity to ensure proper rooting.
• This Wormwood is not affected by many diseases or pests.
• Do not keep the plant wet or soggy as it develops root rot.
• Use a well-drained medium like that of 3 parts perlite to 1 part vermiculite or a mix of 1 part potting mix to 2 or 3 parts perlite.
• Mulch the plant around to about 2-3 inches. Mulching the plant is necessary in order to retain moisture and to maintain soil temperature.
• Fertilize once in a year with a spray of liquid fertilizer.
• Plant this wormwood about 2-3 inches away from other plants.

Images of this plant, Artemisia Capillaris, found on Google Search.





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