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Artemisia Campestris – also known as Canadian Wormwood or Field Sagewort




Artemisia Campestris which is also known as Canadian Wormwood or Field Sagewort is a herbaceous biennial or perennial plant which belongs to the genus Artemisia. It is found on dry sandy soils in Boreal Kingdom. This Sagewort is native to North America and found in all US states and Canadian territories. It is a native forb and can grow up to a height of 4.9 feet (1.5 m). The leaves are basal and about 0.8 to 4 inches (2-10 cm) in length and about 2mm in width. The leaves are villous to glabrous. Flowers appear in spike or in panicle like inflorescence and appear as 5 to 20 ray and 6 to 40 disk flowers. Fruits are about 0.8 mm in length and pappus lacking.
The flowers are pollinated by wind and by butterflies. The herb is used as a food plant by Lepidoptera species larvae.
It is used in flavoring and an important herb in French cuisine.
It is used to treat cough, fever, colic, headache, to intestinal parasites and malaria.
It is used in enemas, poultices, infusions, lotions, inhaled (e.g. smoked or snuffed), or as an essential oil and to repel moths and fleas from clothes and for brewing. It is also used as a stomachic, febrifuge and anthelmintic.
The word “Artemisia” comes from the Greek god, Artemis.
This plant needs full sun to partial shade and well drained soil.

Growing conditions for Artemisia campestris:

• Plant in a sunny location.
• If sowing the seeds, sow in moist sterile soil and cover with fine sand and peat moss.
• This herb can also be propagated by cuttings.
• Use 3-4 inches long cuttings.
• Rooting should take place in about 4-8 weeks.
• Remove the lower leaves and on the upper side about half of leaves so that the transpiration is reduced.
• This Wormwood needs full sun to partial shade.
• Dig a hole of 6 to 8 inches to plant.
• Add 2-4 inches of compost or manure to the planting soil.
• The plant’s root ball should fit the hole.
• Keep the soil moist and for good growth water occasionally especially in hot and dry weather.
• Fertilize this wormwood using liquid or general fertilizer every spring.
• Mulch the plant around to about 2-3 inch, this is to retain moisture and to maintain soil temperature.
• Divide the plant every 2-3 years for new growth.

Care for Artemesia campestris:

• This Wormwood tolerates poor soil.
• This Wormwood needs full sun to partial shade.
• Maintain high humidity to ensure proper rooting.
• This Wormwood is not affected by many diseases or pests.
• Do not keep the plant wet or soggy as it develops root rot.
• Prune the plant and divide 2-3 years.
• Fertilize once a year with a spray of liquid fertilizer.
• Plant this wormwood about 2-3 inches away from other plants.

Images of plant Artemisia Campestris, found on Google Search.





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