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Artemisia biennis – also known by a common name called biennial wormwood




Artemisia Biennis which is also known by its common name, Biennial Wormwood belongs to sagebrush species. It is a herb and native to Europe and to some parts of North America. It is a noxious weed if spread in agricultural crops like soybeans, beans and sunflowers. This is both an annual and a biennial herb that can grow up to a height of 2 meters. The stem is reddish green, single and erect. It has leaves that are frilly and about 13 centimeters in length. The stems are hairless and have no aroma associated with them. The leaves are lance-shaped and thin with long teeth. The flower heads are interspersed with leaves and in rod of clusters. The fruit has a tiny achene and is a millimeter wide.
The taste is bitter. It has terpenoids and sesquiterpene lactones which gives the herb its bitter taste. The flowers are pollinated by wind and by butterflies. The herb is used as a food plant by Lepidoptera species larvae.
The plant is used in flavoring and an important herb in French cuisine.
It is used to treat cough, fever, colic, headache, to intestinal parasites and malaria.
It is used in enemas, poultices, infusions, lotions, inhaled (e.g. smoked or snuffed), or as an essential oil and to repel moths and fleas from clothes and for brewing. It is also used as a stomachic, febrifuge and anthelmintic.
The word “Artemisia” comes from the Greek god, Artemis.
This plant needs full sun to partial shade and well drained soil. Mulching the plant around is needed to retain moisture and temperature maintained that is ideal for the plant.

Growing conditions for Artemisia biennis:

• Plant in a sunny location.
• Alaskan Wormwood needs full sun to partial shade.
• Dig a hole of 6 to 8 inches to plant.
• Add 2-4 inches of compost or manure to the planting soil.
• The plant’s root ball should fit the hole.
• Keep the soil moist and for good growth water occasionally especially in hot and dry weather.
• Fertilize Alaskan wormwood using liquid or general fertilizer every spring.
• Mulch the plant around to about 2-3 inch, this is to retain moisture and to maintain soil temperature.
• Divide the plant every 2-3 years for new growth.

Care for Artemisia biennis:

• This Wormwood tolerates poor soil.
• This Wormwood needs full sun to partial shade.
• This Wormwood is not affected by many diseases or pests.
• Do not keep the plant wet or soggy as it develops root rot.
• Prune the plant and divide 2-3 years.
• Fertilize once a year with a spray of liquid fertilizer.
• Plant this wormwood about 2-3 inches away from other plants.

Images of plant Artemisia biennis found on Google Search.





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