Thymus herba-barona is a woody, creeping herbaceous perennial belonging to Family: Lamiaceae. It is also known as Caraway Thyme. The plant belongs to the species thyme and is a native of Corsica, Sardinia, and Majorca. Its aroma is similar to Caraway and hence has uses in cuisine. This perennial can grow up to a height of 0.25 to 0.5 feet and spread wide about 0.75 to 1 foot. The flowers bloom on this plant from June – July and are tiny, tubular and pink in color. The leaves of this plant are 4-10mm in length and are tiny, hairy and dark green in color. The stems are woody and 2-3 inches in length and
It need full sun to grow. It grows from Zones 4-8. It needs moderate water. It grows best in average to well-drained soils .This plant is bee attractive.
There are two subspecies of this perennial
• Thymus herba-barona subsp. herba-barona. Corsica, Sardinia.
• Thymus herba-barona subsp. bivalens. Majorca (Spain).
This plant was used in flavoring and garnishing for barons of beef and hence the name Thymus herba-baron. It is used in potato salads, vegetables, or meats. It is used as evergreen ground covers and gardens, border plant, ornamental plant, rocky gardens and as an herb. It is used as an Antiseptic; Deodorant; Disinfectant and in Essential oils for perfumes and mouthwashes.
Growing conditions of Thymus herba-barona
• Sow the Seed in a cold frame in spring.
• Seed can also be sown in a greenhouse in autumn.
• Sow the seed on the surface barely covering it.
• Germination is not regular.
• Once the seedlings are large enough, transfer them into individual pots or to a greenhouse for first winter.
• Transplant them in late spring or early summer in permanent spots after the danger of frost ends.
• Division of the plants should be done in spring or autumn.
• Larger divisions are supposed to be planted into their permanent positions.
• Transplant them outside in the summer or the following spring.
Care for Thymus herba-barona
• It grows in zone 7 and is not tender to frost.
• The plant prefers light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils.
• It needs well-drained soil but can grow in nutritionally poor soil.
• The plant needs neutral and basic (alkaline) soils.
• It needs full sun. It requires dry or moist soil.
• Do not overwater and make the soil soggy.
• Thyme is hardy to about -15°c.
• This perennial is Susceptible to root rot which arises in moist and poorly-drained soils.