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February 2011
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Superba mix – a Perennial that attracts hummingbirds, bees and butterflies

This is a perennial with flowers in a mix of white, pink, purple or red which can grow upto a height of 28-40 inches and spread wide about 12-24 inches. The stems of this perennial is 28-40 inches. It attracts hummingbirds, bees and butterflies with its aromatic leaves and frilly flower heads. The foliage is fragrant and has green leaves that are medium and ovate to lanceolate which are 3-6 inches in length. They are downy on the bottom of the leaves.
The flowers form terminal clusters which are of 2 inches and surrounded by wholrls which have bracts – “spidery” tubular flowers. The flowers bloom from Early to mid summer. The stems are long and sturday. This plant is used in oilds and perfume to odour mask the chemical smells. They need to grown in Zones: 4-9 and need Full sun to Partial shade. Deer tend to avoid this plant. The plant needs Well drained moisture retentive soil.

Growing conditions of Butterfly Monarda ‘Bergamo Bouquet’

• This plant needs full sun to partial shade.
• The plant needs moist and well drained soil.
• Transplant the root cutting directly.
• Sow the seeds on the surface and cover lightly with soil.
• Direct sow the seeds at 16 -18°C.
• Sow the seeds in April-May in dry and cool conditions.
• Grow at 14 – 18°C.
• Start about 8 to 10 weeks after the seeds germinate.
• Seeds have to germinate and once done, plant them outside after the danger of frost passed.
• This plant needs fertile and rich soil.
• Space the plants 12 – 24 inches apart.
• Add compost and manure to enhance growth.
• Water regularly as the plant prefers moist soil.
• It needs full sun to partial shade.
• Use a balanced 10-10-10 fertilizer in spring every year.
• Add layer of mulch of 1-2 inches around the plant to conserve moisture.

Care for Butterfly Monarda ‘Bergamo Bouquet’

• Cut the plant to ground level in autumn.
• Cut the plant to several inches close to soil after flowering to encourage new growth and heavy blooming the next season.
• Mulch well with bark to retain moisture.
• The growth will start back in spring.
• The plant needs care for powdery mildew. Cut back the stems if affected by it.
• Space the plants right to avoid mildew disease.

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