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Monarda punctata – Family: Lamiaceae/Labiatae (mint Family)




This plant is also known as Bee Balm, Horsemint, spotted horsemint, dotted horsemint and Spotted Bee balm. This belongs to mint family and is an herbaceous branched perennial and sometime annual that can grow up to a height of 3 or 4 ft (0.9-1.2 m) tall. The leaves are opposite, lance like and borne on stems of square shape. The stems and leaves, both are hairy. The flowers are small as showy heads and are 2-7 per stem. The plant smells like oregano.
Monarda punctata needs full sun to partial shade. They grow well in rich soil and in well-drained soils. It needs Normal, Sandy and Clay type of soils. They grow best in zones 5-10. This plant is semi-woody and shrubby and multi branched. The leaves have short petioles and margins are toothed and are 1 to 3 in (2.5-7.6 cm) in length. The flowers are on leafy bracts that are pink to lavender in color. The corolla is tubular and in pale yellow color with spots that are purple in color. They are one inch in length and emerge from the rounded heads. The flower bloom in June, July and August. The color ranges from lavender, pale yellow, pink, violet.
These shrubs are native to North America from Vermont to Minnesota and south to Florida, eastern Texas and Mexico. It is used in meadow gardens and it attracts butterflies. It is used as a substitute for oregano. Teas are made from its leaves that are known to treat flu, colds and fever. The oils of the leaves have Thymol which is a bactericide and a fungicide to expel hookworms.

Growing conditions of panorama mix:

• Monarda punctata needs full sun to partial shade.
• It grows well in rich soil and in well-drained soils.
• It needs Normal, Sandy and Clay type of soils.
• They grow best in zones 5-10.
• This plant is grown by cuttings.
• Take long stems and remove 4 inches using scissors.
• Let the stems develop roots which are usually within 1-2 weeks.
• Place them in pots of about 6-8 inches and place 3/4th of the stem with root.

Care for Panorama mix:

• They grow best in zones 5-10.
• Water periodically and let the soil not dry and remain moist.
• Add mulch and keep it out of weeds.
• Keep pruning to encourage new growth.
• Water regularly to enhance extensive root system but do not over water or under water.
• Provide enough mulch to retain moisture.

Images of the plant.





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