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January 2011
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Bachelor Button – Sweet Sultan Imperialis (perennial) (Centaurea (Amberboa) Mosehata)

Sweet-sultan Centaurea moschata (odorala) (suaveolens) also C. Imperialis is a plant that bears flowers with delicate fragrance. It is a deciduous perennial and is a native of Turkey and Caucasus. It can grow up to a width of 0.6m and 0.25m.It has grey-green lobed foliage and has flowers that are white, pink, yellow, lavender and purple. They have centers that are white or yellow. The flower florets are cornucopia-like funnel-shaped and are fringed. They are 3-4 inches across. The flower heads are 2 inches and shine. The flower bloom in spring to summer and they are daisy-shaped. The flowers are soft and puff headed.
This plant is used in wildflower garden and cottage garden and as border plant. It is also used as a cut flower and grown indoors as they have fragrance. This is a hardy plant that prefers limestone soil. It requires a neutral, alkaline, rich and well drained soil. This plant prefers full sun.

Growing conditions of Sweet Sultan

• The Bachelor Button needs full sun to partial shade.
• It needs well-drained soil.
• It grows well in zones 7-10.
• Sow the seeds outside in early spring around 1 to 2 Weeks before last frost.
• These seeds are preferred to be sown outside than inside as they do not transplant well.
• Soak the seeds for quick germination.
• The seed has to be sown 1/4th inches deep.
• The seeds have to space at distance about one inch apart.
• Add organic material to the soil for enhancing growth.
• It will take 7-14 days to germinate and seedlings to appear.
• Once seedlings are one inch tall then thin the seedlings to 8-12 inches apart.
• These plants prefer neutral to alkaline soils. Limestone soil is the most preferred one.

Care for Sweet Sultan

• Add ½ teaspoon of fertilizer during the growth season.
• This plant is usually attacked by pests called aphids.
• Aphids are easy to remove by simply washing the plants off with a strong spray of water using a garden hose.
• The two fungal diseases that cause problem in this plant is rust and powdery mildew.
• By proper spacing of the plant, this disease can be avoided as this will provide proper air circulation in foliage.
• Do not wet the leaves and remove the infected leaves of the plant.
• Spray a sulphur or soap fungicide to control rust.

Images of the plant.

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