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Aloe – a flowering succulent plant, with medicinal properties




Aloe is a flowering succulent plant and is most commonly known as Aloe Vera. This genus is a native of Africa, found commonly in South Africa’s Cape Province, the mountains of tropical Africa, and neighboring areas such as Madagascar, the Arabian Peninsula, and the islands of Africa. Aloes has thick, fleshy leave and is rosette of lance-shaped. They have a sharp apex and a spiny margin. The flowers are yellow, tubular, pink or red. They are borne on branched leafless stems. Some species have no stems. The color is grey to bright-green.
These plants are cultivated as ornamental plants. They are used as indoor and outdoor plant. It has medicinal properties. The gel of the leaves can heal skin burns, sunburns, wounds, skin irritations and constipation. They are used in soaps as well. It is grown in most subtropical and tropical locations, including South Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean. These plants are called succulent as they store water in their large, fleshy leaves, stems and roots too. Hence they can survive even in dry environments. Since it is a moist plant, it is easy to grow it indoors too. It is known to hold 95 percent of water.
The plant needs well drained soil. To ensure a well drained soil, a cactus mix or mulch is recommended. The soil needs to be moist and not wet and so do not overwater the plant. Also do not let the plant dry out, so water once in a day. These aloe vera plants tend to grow small sprouts of plants around the big plant, so it is better to remove these and plant them independently, or remove them as a whole. These sprouts are called pups.

Growing conditions of Aloe

• Aloe can be grown by cutting.
• Fill the pot with potting soil and dirt mixture (half of each)
• Keep the aloes cutting, one to two inches deep into the soil.
• This plant need well drained soil.
• Use cactus mix or soil combined with sand if needed.
• If placed with root, see that the root is covered with soil along with one inch of plant as well.
• Press the soil around the plant.
• Water the aloe well.
• Keep the plant in shade on hotter days and in sun on colder days.

Care for Aloe

• Move the plant to a warmer area when temperature drops to zero or freeze.
• Use cactus mix to keep the soil moist, rather than wet.
• Keep the soil moist; do not let it dry out.
• Remove pups, the smaller plants around the bigger Aloe Vera plant.
• Use fertilizer during spring time.
• Keep the plant in shade on hotter days and in sun on colder days.
• Use a 10-40-10 fertilizer mix to ensure good fertilization.





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