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November 2010
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Coronaria- Anemone coronaria – also known as Poppy anemone

Anemone coronaria which is also known as Poppy anemone, Spanish marigold, belongs to the genus Anemone. It is a species of flowering plant, coronaria and is a native of Mediterranean region. It belongs to a genus of about 120 species of flowering plants in the buttercup family Ranunculaceae in the north and south temperate zones.
It is an herbaceous perennial plant that can grow up to a height of 0.3m and can spread up to 0.15m. It has basal leaves with deeply lobed three leaflets. The leaves are divided and parsley like with tuberous root system. The flowers are poppy like on tall stalks and hence the name Poppy anemone. The flowers are single with a whorl of leaves below it. The flowers are on tall stems that are 15-20cm high.The flower comes in red, white, blue colors petals like tepals and are in five to eight inches number. The diameter of the flower is three to eight centimeters. The flowers bloom from June to July. The flowers are double-flowered varieties with the stamens in the centre that are replaced by a tuft of narrow petals.
It is mostly used for decoration, and as cut flowers and for bouquets. It is also used as a sunny border plant. This plant like full sun exposure and grows in hardy zones. The soil must be well-drained, light to moist.

Growing conditions of Anemone Coronaria

• This plant needs full sun to grow.
• This plant grows in hardy zones.
• The soil must be well-drained, light to moist.
• The soil type should be Clay/heavy, Acidic, Chalky/alkaline.
• Add some home-made compost and grit to about one-half of soil.
• Plant them in around March to May.
• Plant them shallow in about two inches deep and about four inches apart.
• The best time to divide plant is from June to August.
• Water them well on planting.
• Occasionally check that the soil is not dry.
• Do not overwater the plant as they rot if too wet.
• It will take 10 to 12 weeks from planting to flowering.

Caring for Anemone Coronaria

• This plant needs exposure to full sun.
• This plant needs moist soil consistently.
• The soil type should be Clay/heavy, Acidic, Chalky/alkaline.
• Regular watering will help deep and extensive root system.
• Do not overwater as the plant might rot.
• Do not let the soil dry out.
• The soil should be well-drained.
• Add some home-made compost and grit as required.
• Add Mulch around plants to retain moisture and to keep weeds down.
• For insect or disease problems, treat early with organic or chemical insect repellents and fungicide.
• Fertilize monthly with a general purpose fertilizer.

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