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October 2010
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Anemone – Japanese – a perennial plant

Anemone is a perennial plant. Anemone belongs to buttercup family Ranunculaceae. This genus of 120 species and belongs to north and south temperate zones. These are flowering plants. The word “Anemone” means “daughter of the wind” in Greek. The plant has leaves that are basal and compound and have long leaf stems. The stems can be prostrate or upright. The leaves are lobed, parted or undivided. The margins of the leaves are toothed.
The flowers are single with 4-27 sepals. They appear in cymes of 2-9 flowers with 10-200 stamens and are bisexual in nature. The flowers have pistils with one ovule. The fruits are ovoid to obovoid shaped and are in clusters. The achenes, fruits have feathery hairs attached. These flowers are used for decorations as cut flower, bouquets.

There are more than one hundred and twenty species of Anemones.
These include Anemone apennina; Anemone biflora; Anemone bucharica; Anemone deltoidea;
Anemone eranthoides; Anemone flaccida; Anemone glauciifolia; Anemone hortensis; Anemone leveillei; Anemone magellanica; Anemone nikoensis; Anemone petiolulosa; Anemone rupicola; Anemone sylvestris; Anemone trifolia; and Anemone virginiana, just to name a few.

Growing Conditions for Anemone

• Soak the bulbs in a cup of lukewarm water.
• The bulbs should soak for 2-4 hours.
• This makes sprouting faster.
• Find a location where the soil drains well.
• Amend the soil with the addition of organic material to raise the level 2-3 inches to improve the drainage.
• Plant the bulb in any direction, the Anemone seedling shall grow upward anyways.
• Plant where they will receive sun for all, or most, of the day.
• Dig holes and plant the anemones 1″-2” down.
• Add Peat moss, compost, ground bark or decomposed manure all work to improve the drainage.
• After planting, water anemones well.
• Roots will form in the autumn, followed shortly by the foliage.
• Flowers will develop in the spring.
• Leave the foliage in place once blooming is over.
• At the end of the summer the leaves will yellow and the foliage can be cut.
• After few months, the next growing cycle shall start.

Care for Anemone

• The plant needs well-drained soil.
• Anemones must never sit in waterlogged soil or they will rot.
• The plant needs to receive sun for most of the day.
• Avoid water puddles and water clogging.
• Add Peat moss, compost, ground bark or decomposed manure all work to improve the drainage.
• For second cycle of blooming, cut back the foliage at the end of the summer.

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