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August 2010
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Alyssum Montanum- ‘Mountain Gold’ (Mountain Gold Madwort, Mountain Madwort)

Alyssum Montanum also known as Mountain Gold madwort is an annual and a perennial herbaceous plant and is native to the Mediterranean, Europe, Asia and northern Africa. Since it produces yellow flowers in clusters that are fragrant and that covers the foliage entirely, hence its name mountain gold. The foliage is gray-green in color. The blooming period is from April to June. It grows up to one foot, in full sun and in zone 3.
It is used for edging borders and for rock gardens. It looks good in nooks and corners of a garden. It is good for indoor decoration too.
These plants are also available with other colored flowers like pink, violet, purple, white and lavender. Over 100-170 species of this plant are known. This genus plants are rarely small shrubs, growing upto 10-100cm tall. The foliage of Alyssum Montanum is used by caterpillars as food. The caterpillars of certain Lepidoptera are included.

Growing conditions of Alyssum Flowers

• It prefers full sun.
• Mix organic matter with the soil before putting seeds into it.
• They are easy to grow and they germinate at room temperature.
• It needs clay or sandy soils that are neutral and alkaline.
• It needs well drained soil.
• If transplanting, cover the area 1-3 inches thick bark mulch.
• The distance in planting should be 20.0 cm / 7.80″ apart.
• If sowing seeds, sow outdoors in spring after frost is past.
• Sow 1/8” deep in soil.
• Keep the soil watered and moist.
• Sow indoors 4 weeks before the last frost.
• Transplant them after the last frost date.
• Plant spacing is 8-10”.
• By mid summer, the blooming of sweet fragrant flowers should start.

Care for Mountain gold

• It prefers full to partial sun.
• It needs moist soils.
• It grows from neutral to alkaline soils.
• General purpose fertilizer, if added, once in a month is beneficial.
• Alyssums do not like frost, so keep them away from it.
• Treat Alyssum with organic or chemical insect repellents and fungicides, if any such problem occurs.
• Water them only during day and avoid night watering to prevent diseases.
• Prevent overwatering to avoid root problems.
• Cover the soil around the root with mulch to reduce water evaporation in dry or hot weather.
• In hot weather, see that water is held around the root by a soil ring around it.
• Tall plants can be cut back so that new growth is enhanced.
• Remove old and deadhead flowers to stimulate new growth.

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