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Siberian Motherwort (Leonurus sibiricus: Leonurus “lions”, “oura”, meaning “tail “and cardiaca is “heart” )

Siberian Motherwort is also called Honey Weed and is a native of central and Southwest Asia i.e., China, Siberia, Tibet etc. It is an annual or biennial herbal plant of the mint family that is used for medicinal and cooking purposes (as a spice). It is known to help in problems related to women’s reproductive issues like menstrual cycle etc. It helps in circulation and to prevent in excessive clotting and to improve night vision. It acts a painkiller too. It is used in Incense sticks, soaps and decorations.
It grows from July to September and the height of plant can go up to 1.5m. It has stems that grow from 20-80cm tall. The basal leaves have long petiole and appear to have toothed margins and deep cut lobes. The flowers are stalk less and attached directly at the base with 8mm calyx.
It sends a flower spike that can be almost 5 feet tall which has thousand of seeds in it which self sow them. Its flower is scented and purple in color. Its natural environment is on stony or sandy grasslands or in pine forests.
It is also known as Mini marijuana or Marihuanilla as it contains little amounts of alkaloid leonurine and acts somewhat as a cure as a respiratory stimulant in small doses, but harmful if taken more. Hence it is used as for smoking too.
This herb is not for excessive consumption as it leads to breathlessness and stopping of breath if taken in more quantities. It should not be taken during pregnancy as it can cause uterine contraction or miscarriage. It leaves on contact with skin causes inflammation in some people. It causes drowsiness when taken in excess. It causes Stomach irritation, uterine bleeding, diarrhea etc., are some other symptoms when taken in excess. A Sunscreen has to be used when this is ingested.

Growing Conditions of Siberian Motherwort

– Sow the seeds by sprinkling them on the soil and cover them with 1/4th inch soil.
– Germinate the seeds at 70F for about 7-14 days.
– Keep the little seedlings provided with enough water and plenty of sunlight.
– Plant in May as they usually grow well from July-September.
– Once seedling grows 2 inches around seedlings need to be transplanted 1 foot apart and continue watering every 2 days as required.
– Once grown these are drought resistant.
– Once the plant grows 1-2 feet tall, it can be best grown by cutting.
– It is adaptable to all climatic conditions

Care for the Siberian Motherwort

– Regularly water during the growth.
– Get good sunlight for the seedlings.
– Germinate seeds at 75 F
– Fertilize once done regularly.
– Cutting is the best method of propagating.
– Cut the faded flowers.
– Care needs to be taken from spreading as this plant can be invasive in some areas.
– It’s hardy in warm and temperate areas.

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