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Dangers posed by voles, rats and mice in your garden, and how to deal with these pests

These 3 are the big pests, infecting both the home and the garden (and seems quite obvious, if you have mice in your garden, you are likely to also find them in your house). All these rodents now live in close proximity to human beings, and make their living from the waste we generate, such as food droppings around the house. Besides the damage they do to properties (including the risk of fire if they chew through electric wires), they can also cause significant damage in the garden. What are these creatures, and what is the difference between these 3 creatures:

Differences between mouse, rats and voles

Rats: Rats tend to be larger than mice, growing up to around 7 inches tall, and weighing upto a total of 10 ounces. Rats have larger ears than mouse. The most common types of rats are the brown and black rats. Rats can hunt in groups.
Mouse: Mice tend to be smaller than rats, growing to a height of around a maximum of 3 inches. These animals are covered with soft fur, with the color of the fur changing between the fur on the back of the mouse and the underside of the mouse.
Voles: Voles are also rodents, like mouse. They have 2 prominent pairs of incisor teeth at the front of their mouth, with these teeth growing continuously and needing to be worn down by gnawing at something all the time. Voles have smaller snouts and toles than mice.

Damages to gardens caused by these pests

There are a number of people who believe that these animals do not cause any real danger, but, on the other hand, there are people who talk about the diseases that rats can carry. In a garden, these animals do cause more damage. They can chew up vegetables in your garden (including the ones that grow underground). In addition, depending on the size of colonies you have in your garden, these can cause extensive damage to many parts of a plant such as bulbs, seeds, and fruits (all parts that are very important to the propagation of the plant). Further, voles cause damage to mature trees, and also can cause the destruction of seedlings.
Voles also dig tunnels in your garden, and during this process, can damage smaller plants. And of course, if you have a garden with a nice lawn, your blood pressure will rise sky high when you see the damage these tunnels cause to the grass. And if you have saved seeds somewhere, rats can cause damage to these seeds, and also spread disease in them.

Controlling these pests in the Garden

– First make sure that you identify which specific pests are there, and where these pests are getting their food and shelter from. For example, rats in your garden could be getting food from inside your house. Compost heaps should be isolated, such that rats who get attracted to them are not able to use them as a shelter.
– Look for hiding areas in your garden, such as tall grass; reduce spaces in areas such as below porches, etc.
– Make sure your garden remains clean, especially if you have pet feeds, and they are fed in the garden. Also clean up droppings from your pets.
– When your fruits are ripe, harvest them; don’t leave them on the tree where they can fall on the ground and attract the pests. Put protecting in the terms of guards around the base of fruit trees – this prevents the pests from climbing such trees.
– You can use snap traps, these may seem a bit cruel, but if a pest gets caught in such a trap, the pest also dies due to the effect of the trap.
– Poison is one way in which gardeners control large infestations, however, with poison, you need to be very careful. Children should not be allowed near the places, and even there should be careful disposal of the dead pests so that they are not eaten by their predators.
– Nowadays, there are modern electrical devices that repel pests, and in some cases, kill them.
– Dogs and cats help in controlling the number of such pests
– It may seem very scary if you have snakes in your garden, but most snakes are harmless to humans and yet very effective to rodents
– Consider setting some nesting equipment for owls; owls tend to be very effective against smaller pests
– Put a fence with a wire mesh around your garden, with the fence going atleast a feed under the ground

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