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June 2010
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How to Grow a Lemon Plant in a Home Garden – Tips and techniques for best growing and for more fruits

Description of a Lemon Plant

The lemon; a member of the citrus family is well-known for it’s sour taste and antiseptic properties. This yellow fruit is used to prepare nutritional drinks; for garnishing; marinating meat; in fruit pulps; in aromatherapy; as a deodorizer and has innumerable other cooling, inflammatory and diuretic uses.
The advantages of lemon trees are that they live long; produce life-long fruits which can be easily stored whilst maintaining their food value. The maximum height of a standard lemon tree can be about thirty feet, while for the dwarf variety; it can vary between four and ten feet. Owing to the same, one can easily grow a lemon tree in a home garden.

Source from which to grow a Lemon Plant

The still moist seed; washed, to avoid growth of fungi due to the sugar that may have remained on it’s outer core. Such fungi can cause the plant’s death during germination of it’s seed. A dry seed will most probably not germinate.
A robust, healthy lemon tree has shiny and very green leaves. One can buy a young tree and grow it in the garden.

Soil and environment for a Lemon Tree

The seed must be planted in a container with heat – pasteurized soil. A warm, bright environment will aid the germination of the seeds.
Some trees are thorny, so In case one wishes to plant a young tree in the garden, the area must be away from the walkway. It’s roots must be well steeped in water a day before planting. The depth of the hole dug must be lower than the root-length. After positioning the tree in this hole, fill the latter with well-drained, aerated, not- very-acidic soil. Pile up the soil, creating a mound and pat it firmly near the roots; moistening it thoroughly. Create a circle at a sufficient distance from the roots; removing some soil from this circumferential area, so that excess water can seep through and the tree can breathe. The lemon tree thrives in sunshine of six to seven hours. If you live in a cold climatic area, it is best to plant the tree in a pot so that it’s position can be changed when required. The minimum temperature must not fall below 11 °C. It needs a lot of watering; once a week all through the year. Deep watering, once you notice the ground drying; but not flooding is the key to producing a quality tree. Humidity in the air is good for the plant and the container should allow good draining of water.

Fertilization, care and disease control for a Lemon Tree

Fertilize only after you observe fresh growth on the tree. Nitrogenous fertilizers must be in proportion, otherwise, though the leaves will look lush green, the lemon produced will be small with a thick skin. Annually twice is the pattern for fertilization, before which, the soil must be adequately watered and left airy. Pruning the tree before planting, by making a cut halfway across it’s top; and pruning back one-fourth, every year thereon after it matures, helps in it’s growth. Mulching five cm from the roots will ensure that the soil will not dry out; weeds will not grow around the place and water will be efficiently stored. Seed-planted trees will bear fruit after fifteen years, whereas planted trees can yield lemons from nine months to five years.
Leaves eaten through with whitish lines on them, unripe fruits falling on the ground, leaves looking pale yellow, stem bark decaying…all point to the fact that the tree has been attacked by pests/ watering is not being done properly/nitrogen in fertilizer is not in the right proportion. Effective insecticides, proper fertilizers, cleaning the insect-affected area with soapy water are recommended.
Only one plant of the lemon tree is adequate to bear many fruits provided you care for it diligently and lovingly. The sight of the fragrant tree, with it’s flowers and fruits – all at the same time is so inviting that you will pride yourself on being a ‘Lemon Tree Gardener’

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