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May 2010
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African Daisy: characteristics, growing and planting conditions, care and its uses.

A hardy, spreading annual with daisy-like flowers. A native of South Africa, it has naturalized throughout the southwestern United States. Blooms are 2-4 inches across in brilliant shades of white, yellow, and orange. An excellent variety to sow in early spring, as it will produce extravagant color for weeks. Prefers full sun in well-drained soils. Sow in early spring, seedlings are not winter hardy.

Facts About African Daisies

– African Daisies are herbaceous annuals.
– African Daisies grow to a height of 1 – 1.5ft.
– African Daisies produces a fruit with abundant seeds.
– The genus name, Dimorphotheca, means two shapes of seed since
– The plant produces two non identical seed forms.
– African Daisies blooms during April-August.
– African Daisies start to germinate in 10-30 days.

Growing African Daisies

– African daisies need full sun and a light dry soil.
– African daisies seeds can be sown in spring after frosts.
– Just cover the seeds and keep them moist but not wet.
– Sow them about 4 inches apart in the soil.
– Add a general purpose fertilizer to the African daisies once a month.
– African daisies doesn’s transplant well, so plant where you want them.

Care of African Daisies

– Deadhead (cut off old flower stems) with scissors or bypass pruners.
– Apply a light application of organic fertilizer on top of the soil in spring; follow package directions.
– Mulch around but not on top of the plants with 3 inches of organic compost.
– Water well weekly until soil is completely moist in summers with no rainfall.

Propagating African daisy

– By seed primarily, although cuttings of choice kinds will root quickly.
– Sow indoors 6 to 8 weeks prior to last frost at 65 degrees Fahrenheit. – Seeds germinate in 15 to 20 days.
– Plant 8 to 10 inches apart at the same depth they were growing in the flat or pot.
– For later flowers, sow outdoors after danger of frost has passed and the soil has warmed somewhat.
– Thin garden seedlings to 8 to 10 inches apart.

Uses for African daisy

– Plant arctotis in beds or borders where full sun is available.
– They will tolerate growing in dry rock gardens for early season bloom.
– They will also bloom indoors in cool sunrooms or greenhouses.

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