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Cimicifuga americana or Mountain Bugbane: characteristics, growing and planting conditions.

Cimicifuga americana belongs to the plant family RANUNCULACE and Genus Cimicifuga. Mountain bugbane grows in rich hardwood forests, often in the same habitat as hemlock, on north-facing mountain sides or the wooded corridors that follow mountain streams. It is restricted to
the central Appalachians, from Pennsylvania south to Georgia and
as far west as Illinois. Mountain bugbane is primarily endangered by development of its habitat, but populations have also suffered from harvesting pressure.

Characteristics of Cimicifuga americana or Mountain Bugbane

– Mountain bugbane is a perennial herb that grows from one to one
and a half meters tall.
– Leaves are compound, with terminal leaflets large, toothed, and deeply cleft; other leaflets oval to wedge shaped with sharply defined teeth. All leaflets are less than 10 centimeters long.
– Flowers: a slender raceme (up to 30 centimeters tall) of tiny white flowers; no petals; short-lived sepals; most
– Conspicuous feature is the spray of many white stamens.
– Strong foul odor attracts flies for pollination.
– Cimicifuga americana does not attract these beautiful hummingbird, sun bird or nectar feeding varieties of garden birds.
– Impressive Autumn foliage display is not shown by Cimicifuga americana.
– Cimicifuga americana can survive very cold winters with annual averages as low as -40 Fahrenheit.
– It needs a bit of a cold spell with temperatures below 15 Fahrenheit to do its best.
– Cimicifuga americana is classed as a flowering plant specimen. The flower’s principle colouring is cream.

Growing Conditions for Cimicifuga americana

– Cimicifuga americana will under good growing conditions survive and prosper between 3 and10 years.
– This flower prefers moist, well drained soil a pH of 7.
– All plants need light to allow the photosynthesis process of converting carbon dioxide to growth sugars to take place. Some plants need more sun-light than others.

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